CategoriesMagic Mushrooms Penis Envy Mushrooms Psilocybin

How To Grow Penis Envy Mushrooms

The Pros And Cons That Come With Growing Penis Envy Mushrooms

Penis Envy Mushrooms are a magic mushroom growers dream due to the potency and weight of their fruiting bodies. However, there are still pros and cons that come with growing Penis Envy Mushrooms, as with anything really. The main downside or ‘con’ in learning how to grow Penis Envy Mushrooms is that they are one of the most difficult P. Cubensis varieties to cultivate. One downside, most likely due to their physical characteristics, is that Penis Envy Mushrooms drop very few spores. Therefore, a home or commercial cultivator would need quite a few Penis Envy Mushrooms in order to collect enough spores to produce a viable spore print or syringe. Another con is the fact that this genetic line has been artificially selected, leaving Penis Envy Mushrooms less resistant to contamination. Most likely, this species would not have survived in nature, as they typically take about 25% longer to colonize and pin. Penis Envy Mushrooms have a pin rate that is around half of that of other magic mushroom varieties. They also need specialized conditions for the incubation stage. Such examples would be the addition of a casing layer, as well as a substrate with higher moisture-content. 

On the other side of the coin though, a ‘pro’ to learning how to grow Penis Envy Mushrooms is that they offer the benefit of getting the most out of your substrate. Penis Envy varieties tend to pull out of the substrate much easier than other strains. Therefore, preventing the grower from having to decimate the casing or substrate when pulling out a large flush. Although these types of mushrooms can be grown on birthing cakes (not well though), they are best suited using a bulk application. Growth Parameters are the same as any P. Cubensis, but harvesting can prove to be a little bit different. Unlike other strains, when the Penis Envy Mushroom caps break their veil, they are not yet ready to be harvested. After the veil is torn for mature mushrooms, a waiting period of 3 to 5 days is recommended. 

Known Penis Envy Mushroom Strains That Can Be Grown

Even with their origin still a mystery, there are several known Penis Envy Mushroom strains that can be grown today. (Again, abiding in a legal manner and depending on the area in which you live.) There have been several mycologists and genetics vendors who have performed culture isolation/crossing on the Penis Envy strain, starting in the late 1970s with Stephen Pollock. This has resulted in several distinguishable sub-variants, such as; Albino Penis Envy (Albino PF x Penis Envy cross), Penis Envy #6 (a mutation), Texas Penis Envy (Texas Orange Caps x Penis Envy cross), Penis Envy Uncut (a mutation), and Trans Envy (Transkei x Penis Envy cross). Important to remember, potency among all Penis Envy Mushroom strain varieties is consistently higher than all other Psilocybe Cubensis varieties. Below is a brief description of each:

Albino Penis Envy Mushrooms: this particular mushroom has the milky white coloration of the Albino PF variety, and its caps are sometimes tinged dark blue. Albino Penis Envy mushrooms are also smaller than Penis Envy mushrooms on average. 

Penis Envy Uncut Mushrooms: said to be the most potent of all of the Penis Envy varieties, this strain has a couple of unique characteristics. With a distinct physical feature, the Penis Envy Uncut Mushroom Strain has caps that do not open at all, even late in the fruiting bodies maturity. Additionally caps are distinctly darker than the regular Penis Envy strain.

Trans Envy Mushrooms – a variety that have been isolated by a mushroom spore vendor named ‘Spores Lab’. They appear closer to a Transkei Magic Mushroom in appearance, with slender yellow-white stems and medium sized caps. This variety is also slightly less potent than other Penis Envy varieties.

While each of these mutations have slightly different physical characteristics and potencies, the potency among all Penis Envy varieties is consistently higher than all other P. Cubensis varieties. Similar to Golden Teachers Mushrooms, Penis Envy varieties take longer to grow and mature than many other strains. Therefore leaving them with a higher psilocybin concentration than many other strains. In fact, some strains of Penis Envy are twice or three times as powerful as other strains, so be sure of which mushroom you are growing. 

How Much Time It Takes To Grow Penis Envy Mushrooms

As with any growing process, enjoying each step without expectation of a perfect timeline is key in having a good experience. With proper preparation and research, however, you should be able to grow Penis Envy Mushrooms within two months. Although nothing is set in stone when it comes to Mother Nature, an approximate timeline in how to grow Penis Envy Mushrooms is as follows: 

Week 1- Spore inoculation to spore germination. 

Week 2- Spore germination or inoculation to complete colonization of the substrate or cake. Week 2 to 4- The start of the fruiting cycle, which can then take about two more weeks. 

Week 4 to 6- Once the substrate or cakes turn a blue color, the mushroom fruiting is complete. 

All in all, the complete growing cycle for psilocybin mushroom spores takes 4 to 6 weeks from spore inoculation to fruiting harvest. Final mushroom quality and yield depends on how well a grower has monitored and controlled the temperature, humidity, and pests or contaminants. Growing experience and an intuitive feel for the biological rhythms of mushrooms being grown are some of the greatest determining factors for success. Once the basics of a mushrooms growth cycle and needs are understood, a timeline for learning how to grow Penis Envy Mushrooms can be better calculated. 

How To Grow Penis Envy Mushrooms Using Their Spores

In learning how to grow Penis Envy Mushrooms, inoculation can be done with their spores using high quality spore prints. A spore print is the powdery deposit obtained by allowing spores of the Penis Envy Mushroom to fall onto a surface underneath. The tricky thing with Penis Envy varieties and their spores, is that their collection is quite more difficult. On average, less than five percent of the Penis Envy Mushrooms drop spores making their availability limited. Collection can be done, however, as an alternate method is used where the person must swab the gills with a sterile q-tip. Once spores are collected or bought, germinating them is the next step in learning how to grow Penis Envy Mushrooms.

Paper Rubbing Penis Envy Mushroom Spores:

  • Fold and rub together the Penis Envy Mushrooms spore printed paper so that spores drop onto nutrified agar media. (This method is not the best as concentrated populations of mushroom spores are usually grouped together giving less than desired results.)

Germinating the Penis Envy Mushrooms spores from a print is best done on nutrified agar plates in a glove box setup, as with tissue/agar cloning.

Scalpel And Streaking Penis Envy Mushroom Spores:

  • Sterilize a scalpel by passing it through a burning flame, then cooling it in the nutrified agar. This way the scalpel gets covered with a moist and adhesive layer for better Penis Envy mushrooms spores attachment.
  • Touch the spore print with the scalpel tip to collect the plentiful mushroom spores.
  • Streak the tip into an “S” pattern across the surface of the petri dish.
  • 5 to 15 days later, your spores (should) germinate according to the streaking pattern.
  • Colonies of germinating spores can then be subcultured into more petri dishes.

Cultivators can also use Penis Envy Mushrooms spores stored in solutions suspended in syringes and vials for their growing desires as well. These are where the spores are re-hydrated using sterile water, and then used to inoculate the growing medium. The advantage of a Penis Envy Mushrooms spore syringe is that this spore water can be used to inoculate the substrate of your choice, giving a higher chance of the spores germinating.

Penis Envy Mushrooms Spores Syringe:

  • Start out by sterilizing your water and glass beaker, cover with foil.
  • Place the bottle in your pressure cooker and heat it until it reaches 15psi. Once it reaches the desired pressure, lower the temperature and maintain it for 30 minutes.
  • After the 30 minutes, turn off heat completely and allow the water to cool to room temperature. If the water is still hot, there is a huge risk of killing the spores. It is easiest to let the water sit overnight.
  • Once the water is cool (usually a few hours if not left overnight), sterilize the tweezers and scalpel in a flame.
  • Remove the foil, and with your tweezers, take the spore print from its storage and hold it over the opening of the beaker.
  • With the scalpel in hand, carefully scrape some of the spores into the water.
  • Fill the syringes instantly by placing the tip of the syringe in the water and pulling to fill it up. It is a good idea to empty the syringe back into the beaker, and repeat this process a couple of times. (This will ensure there is a good spread of spores throughout the water.) 
  • Now that you have a filled syringe you need to leave it at room temperature for 2-3 days so that the Penis Envy Mushrooms spores can fully hydrate. 

Inoculation Is A Key Step In Learning How To Grow Penis Envy Mushrooms

Once you learn how to grow Penis Envy Mushrooms using spores you have collected or purchased, the next step for your spores is inoculation. This process is the introduction of the Penis Envy spores to the desired substrate, in hopes of producing thriving mycelium. Penis Envy spores do not contain chlorophyll, they feed off substances other than light to gain the nourishment they need to germinate. The variety of mushroom dictates the most suited material as different types of mushroom grow in different materials (the substrate). Suitable materials for a substrate range from sawdust, straw, wooden plugs, to whole grains. Although Penis Envy mushrooms can be grown on birthing cakes (not well though), they are best suited using a bulk application. Blending together the Penis Envy Mushrooms spores and the nutrients provided by the suited substance is known as the spawn. The spawn is key, as it allows the mycelium to develop. And the mycelium is the fungus from which mushrooms emerge during fruiting. When the spawn is mixed with a substrate fruiting tends to be more vigorous and mushrooms are more plentiful. Penis Envy mushrooms tend to grow more slowly than other members of their species, and take longer to fruit. But this unique characteristic also allows the Penis Envy fruiting bodies to develop more psilocybin than faster-growing strains. Plus, Penis Envy varieties tend to pull out of the substrate much easier than other strains. Therefore, preventing the grower from having to decimate the casing or substrate when pulling out a large flush. Growth Parameters are the same for Penis Envy Mushrooms as any P. Cubensis strain, but harvesting can prove to be a little bit different. Unlike other strains, when the Penis Envy Mushroom caps break their veil, they are not yet ready to be harvested. After the veil is torn for mature mushrooms, a waiting period of 3 to 5 days is recommended.

How To Grow Penis Envy Mushrooms From A Grow Kit

Using a psilocybin grow kit for cultivation basically cuts out all the options and steps listed above. In the purest sense, when learning how to grow Penis Envy Mushrooms, you basically need a mycelium substrate and a hospitable environment for the mycelium to thrive. The mycelium is simply the underlying fungus that grows into your edible fruiting body mushrooms. Because growing kits include the mycelium and a grow box, it makes the growing process very easy and straightforward-they already include almost everything you need, and you can grow without spores. Typically, a Penis Envy Mushrooms grow kit will include: a substratum containing living mycelium, transparent grow bag with an air filter, and two paper clips. Using a psilocybin grow kit has benefits because the development of the mushroom spores into the mycelium has already been done in a sterile laboratory. The mushrooms have not yet grown inside the kit because the mycelium is in a hibernation stage due to the cold environment. However, when using growing kits there is a potential risk of contamination, lack of consistency, and even fake products. A trusted and reputable source of Penis Envy Mushrooms grow kits, such as FungusHead, is the best option for successful harvest results. Whichever you choose in how to grow Penis Envy Mushrooms, enjoy the magical process!

 

Penis Envy Mushrooms FactsCategoriesPenis Envy Mushrooms Psilocybin Psilocybin Mushrooms

Penis Envy Mushrooms, Where To Find Them?

There is no question about it, magic mushrooms or those that contain the psychedelic element of psilocybin, are a hot topic in today’s world. With some states leading the way such as Oregon and Colorado in their legalization for medicinal use, psilocybin mushrooms are making big leaps into our culture. Psilocybin varieties, such as Penis Envy Mushrooms, are sought after for their psychedelic effects which in some studies have shown to be successful in the treatment of severe depression. Hallucinogenic effects are a common characteristic amongst all magic mushrooms, an organic LSD experience as some refer to. These unique effects are still being researched to this day, and there are a growing number of followers eager for their results. For those individuals wanting to find quality products though, the search for where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms still remains somewhat daunting. With most states in the US, and other countries in general having them illegal to buy or have in possession, it can seem like no easy task in finding psilocybin mushrooms. In fact, the Penis Envy variety are still a bit of a mystery, and true specimens and spores are harder to find than other types of magic mushrooms.

But, with their popularity on the rise, and knowledge at hand, it is entirely possible to acquire these magical little wonders.

What’s So Special About Penis Envy Mushrooms

This may come as no surprise, but yes, these mushrooms get their name from the fact that they do indeed look like the male reproductive organ. Characterized by their strange appearance, with a dense, bulbous, and wrinkly stipe, these mushrooms often are on the larger size of the spectrum. Their bulbous cap may or may not open up and separate from the usually very thick stem. Their colors range typical of other psilocybin species, from a light tan to darker brown, with variations amongst varieties. Unlike what some people claim or believe, the spores of the Penis Envy Mushroom do in fact look the same as the cubensis strain. As with all mushrooms, spore size, color, and shape are and look the same. Even under a microscope an observer may not be able to see any differences between. But what sets the Penis Envy Mushroom apart from others is they do not open up their cap in the same way for spore release. Therefore spore collection is far more difficult than their P. Cubensis cousins. 

However as far as their origin, there is no clear evidence on where this mushroom comes from besides theories of being a mutant. No one truly knows where this mushroom came to be, with only theories of their beginnings from famous mycologists like Terence McKenna and Steven Pollock. No specific proof has been found with their discovery, but it is believed by some that  the specimens known today derived from a created unique mutation from the Amazonian Cubensis species McKenna carried in his store. And this is important to understand as there are still no confirmed facts, and unfortunately mislabeled findings. With the confusion and variation some people may identify other specimens as Penis Envy Mushrooms, when they in fact are not true ones. In a recent revelation, the Penis Envy Mushroom is the result of a recessive genetic mutation. Meaning the mushroom must exhibit two mutated copies, or it will not exhibit the properties of the original mushroom. This was discovered when labs found that the Penis Envy Mushrooms can revert to looking like a cubensis mushroom. Other misidentified mushrooms may look like the Penis Envy variety, but in actuality are not. They probably only have one mutated copy, which means visually, it will not look like it should.

Known Effects That Can Derive From Penis Envy Mushroom Use

All mushrooms containing psilocybin, for example Penis Envy Mushrooms, give consumers known effects similar to those of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD). These effects can and do include an altered perception of time, space, surroundings. An immense change in mood and/or feelings has also been reported to be felt after consumption/use. As for psilocybin in general, possible effects include: Euphoria, Paranoia, Peacefulness, Spiritual Awakening, Confusion, and Quickly Changing Emotions. Derealization is also common for mushroom effects, which is the feeling that an individual’s surroundings are not real. Distorted Thinking, Visual Alteration, Distortions, Frightening Hallucinations, and Depersonalization are also some mushroom effects known. One key factor to understand about Penis Envy Mushroom is that the strain used to cultivate them is known to be a powerful one. Also, they grow very slowly, much slower than the normal P. Cubensis mushrooms which affects their potency. Because of their slow growth, it takes a longer period of time to produce the psilocybin that gives it the hallucinogenic properties. Therefore, as a result Penis Envy Mushrooms will contain more psilocybin in every gram as compared to their P. Cubensis counterpart. No matter which variety a consumer chooses, psilocybin mushrooms contain a slight amount of poison and are highly variable. They can cause unpredictable effects, depending on how consumed, how much consumed, and who takes them. Staying informed of their effects is equally important and can set the tone for an experience. 

On the other side of the coin, psychological distress is most often the reported negative effects after recreational use of mushrooms that contain psilocybin, such as Penis Envy Mushrooms. This distress can take the form of extreme anxiety or short-term psychosis, depending on the individual’s experience. The environment factor in which an individual or group experiences taking Penis Envy Mushrooms, or other magic mushrooms, is important as well. Those who partake in consuming psilocybin in a calm and supportive environment tend to have a more positive transforming experience. Again, wisely looking where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms is important in ensuring a premium product is found before use and/or consumption. 

Why The Difficulty In Where To Find Penis Envy Mushrooms?

One of the biggest reasons for misidentification, and the difficulty in where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms is spore accumulation. This particular type of mushroom does not release spores in a normal way, thus making it hard to collect spores. The reason this strain of cubensis mushroom spores is so difficult to find is because less than five percent of the mushrooms drop spores. However, it is an aggressive fruiter, producing some monsters in later flushes as reported. In any case, there are still places you can find magic mushrooms sold as dried pieces that you eat in food, mix in with drinks, or in a few instances, eat them fresh. Again though, be aware that psilocybin mushrooms are considered a Schedule I drug in the United States, and they are not legal. (With the exception of Oregon as of January 2021.)

Great Resources In Finding Out More About 27

Joining fungi community groups in your city and online are also great resources in learning where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms. Like minded individuals tend to share reliable information as to where to locate them responsibly. Most often fungi groups share a common love for their magical friends and are enthusiastic when it comes to learning and sharing information about them. Each person on this earth holds vast information and knowledge that they themselves have acquired through personal experience and the meeting of others along their path in life. The only way this knowledge is shared is through the human experience and each other, hence why community groups online and offline remain popular amongst the people. This resource of information tends to be the most current as well, as communication is more direct and first-hand. Also, If you hunt wild mushrooms, make sure you are an expert at identifying them. Severe pain and even death is a result for those that have identified toxic mushrooms incorrectly on top of being unsure where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms and other psilocybin mushrooms. 

Taking the time to find a reliable online resource is a great step in your search for where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms, or any mushrooms for that matter. This can be done by looking into reviews, validity of a website, and online forums that share their experience with reputable companies. Using a reliable and reputable retailer for Penis Envy Mushrooms is also a quite beneficial and valuable resource. One such retailer is Fungus Head, a trusted source and provider of everything psilocybin and has everything you need to grow your very own. Not only do mushroom retailers take pride in providing information about Penis Envy Mushrooms to interested individuals, but provide the supplies needed for any mushroom experimentation. Keep in mind though, psilocybin mushroom spores retailers will deny the sale if they suspect they will be intended for cultivation purposes without the proper licensing. On a federal level, and in most of the United States and world for that matter, cultivation of psilocybin mushrooms is still illegal. Informed and reputable retailers operate their businesses in accordance with the laws, they would not exist without taking necessary precautions.

Are Penis Envy Mushroom Spores Legal To Buy?

For the most part, psilocybin mushroom spores are legal to own and possess in the United States. However, most states have made laws that criminalize the actual possession, transportation, germination, cultivation, and distribution of all mushrooms that contain psilocybin. But again, most states do not have laws against having magic mushroom spores in one’s possession. The only exceptions to those are the states of Georgia, Idaho, and California which have their own unique laws regarding psilocybin mushroom spores. Specifically, Georgia and Idaho have banned the importation of psilocybin spores into those states, by their residents. While California has banned the importation of psilocybin spores into the state, only if the buyer has an intent to germinate or manufacture the psilocybin mushroom spores. California’s legal stance in regard to psilocybin mushroom spores:

“Except as otherwise authorized by law, every person who, with intent to produce a controlled substance specified in paragraph (18) or (19) of subdivision (d) of Section 11054, cultivates any spores or mycelium capable of producing mushrooms or other material which contains such a controlled substance shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more than one year or in the state prison.”

One very exciting prospect and look into the future is the recent legalization of psilocybin in the state of Oregon, official in January 2021. With more and more growing interest in magic mushrooms (or those that contain the psychedelic psilocybin) and their use in mental health and medicine, who knows what the future holds! 

Where To Find Authentic Penis Envy Mushrooms

Where to buy Penis Envy Mushrooms is not the easiest place to find, but in today’s world it is in fact more accessible than in the past. When searching online for where to find authentic Penis Envy Mushrooms, make sure to look for some key services the retailer can provide. Such services should include: knowledgeable staff members, discreet and professional shipping options with order tracking and reliable delivery, and of course excellent customer service available at any time. Knowledgeable staff members should be well aware of their city, state, and country laws/regulations concerning psilocybin mushrooms. Clear communication and excellent customer service from an online provider should also be apparent once contacted. After those key services are confirmed, narrowing down a potential Penis Envy Mushroom retailer to one that has a quality and easy to navigate website and positive reviews is a gread indication that an individual has found where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms safely. Providers and retailers that offer premium options can end up saving an interested consumer time, money, and energy in their search. Only a reliable and reputable source for magic mushrooms will ensure you receive customer satisfaction in a professional way that ensures you come back time and time again.

Checking customer reviews and forums are other great ways in locating a reputable source in your search for where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms. Again though, be advised that psilocybin mushroom spores retailers will deny the sale if they suspect they will be intended for cultivation purposes without the proper licensing. Stay safe, stay knowledgeable, and enjoy your search for the magic that is Penis Envy Mushrooms! Check out more at our website, Fungushead for more information

CategoriesMushrooms Psilocybin

Where To Buy Psilocybin Mushroom Spores

Now that you have decided to embark on a growing mushroom journey, where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores? Before buying anything, make sure to do research on the legalities of doing so in the area in which you live. Although buying psilocybin mushroom spores may be legal in your state, germinating or cultivating them may be a whole other ball game. Psilocybin mushroom spores sold in mushroom spore syringes or as spore prints are solely intended for microscopic study purposes. An example of such studies would be being used for taxonomy and identification purposes for students and professors. Those individuals taking or giving a mycology or microscopy course for school, or at the very least for a hobbyist or professional taxonomist. There is no denying however, that the question of where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores is important to answer for those seeking genuine scientific research. Interestingly, there is no special license or permit required to buy or sell psilocybin mushroom spores being that the spores do not contain any active substance. (Spores do not actually contain the psychoactive ingredient psilocybin.) However, be advised that psilocybin mushroom spores retailers will deny the sale if they suspect they will be intended for cultivation purposes without the proper licensing. Where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores is not the easiest place to find, but in today’s world it is in fact more accessible than in the past.

What Exactly Are Psilocybin Mushrooms And Therefore Spores?

Magic mushrooms are the most common name given to those that contain the psychoactive element psilocybin. These types of mushroom bodies are typically small, nondescript, gilled, and more often fit the description of “a little brown button capped mushroom”. Macroscopically, they are characterized by their small to occasionally medium size, brown to yellow- to golden brown varied coloration, with spore prints that range in color from rusty-brown, to lilac-brown, to dark purple-brown. Psychedelic species typically have a blue-staining reaction when the mushroom body itself is bruised. According to Wikipedia “Microscopically, they are characterized by pileipellis with hyphae that run parallel to the pileus surface, forming a cutis, by their lack of chrysocystidia, and by spores that are smooth, ellipsoid to rhomboid to sub hexagonal in shape, with a distinct apical germ pore.” Psilocybin mushrooms can be found growing on various kinds of decaying organic matter, most often known in fields with prevalent feces. But, contrary to popular belief only a few, such as P. cubensis and P. subcubensis, have been found to grow directly on manure. Many other species of psilocybin mushrooms are found in habitats such as mossy, grassy, or forest humus soils that have their needed humidity and weather conditions.

Although microscopic in size, psilocybin mushroom spores contain the blueprint for all mushroom growth. Or in other words, the spore of a mushroom contains all of the necessary materials to form a brand new fungus. A mature mushroom is said to contain up to 16 billion spores, giving Mother Nature and cultivators plenty of opportunities to propagate more. In Mother Nature, when the spores of a mushroom are released they often travel a certain distance before they land. The single cell then sends out hyphae (each of the branching filaments that make up the mycelium of a fungus) to help establish and gather food for the actual mushroom. After the spore has sent out its hyphae, they will eventually meet up with the hyphae of another mushroom. After the sexual process of reproduction has begun, the mushroom forms the structures of a “fruiting body” that will eventually produce and disperse spores.

How Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Are Collected

In regards to collecting your own psilocybin mushroom spores, all you need is a mushroom, paper, and glass. Carefully remove the stem from the mushroom and gently remove any skirt that may be present protecting the gills in the mushroom head. For the spore print all you need is the top of the mushroom with the gills exposed on the underside. Place the mushroom with the gills face down onto the paper and pop a glass over the top. For the next 24 hours leave the mushroom under the glass untouched. After that time period, remove the glass and gently lift the mushroom to reveal the microscopic magic. The spores will have fallen from the cap and you should see a print on the paper, which replicates the gill pattern from the mushroom. This beautiful display is the spore print which can then be used to grow your own mushrooms. Keep the print in a sealed bag in a cool, dry, dark place until you are ready to cultivate.

What Are Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Syringes?

What in the world are psilocybin mushroom spores syringes and how are they made exactly? Mushroom spore syringes are exactly what the words entail: a syringe filled with a sterile water solution (sometimes including a proprietary blend) that contains mushroom spores. They are used to inoculate substrates with a selected mushroom species that will go on to become a  beautiful colony of mushrooms one day if cultivated successfully. Mushroom spore syringes can be bought online or made in your own home from commercially obtained or home-grown mushroom spawn, from a trusted retailer of course. The main reason as to why psilocybin mushroom spores are hydrated in water is because dry spores are more susceptible to contamination. When making syringes at home, that quantity that can be made depends on the size and density of the spore print used to make from. While small or pale prints may only make a few syringes, large and darker prints can make upwards of 25 or more.

Retailers that offer high quality psilocybin mushroom spore prints are usually done so in a very sterile environment such as a “Class 1 ISO 1” clean room and in-front of a laminar flow bench. Some even offer psilocybin mushroom spores syringes that incorporate their own proprietary anti-microbial technology which helps fight bacteria and other molds. This technology of encapsulating the spores inside a nurturing shell helps shield them from bacteria and foreign contaminants. This in turn also protects them for longer term viability. Again, be advised that psilocybin mushroom spores retailers will deny the sale if they suspect they will be intended for cultivation purposes without the proper licensing. Make sure to know the laws in your area before considering purchasing psilocybin mushroom spores from an online retailer.

Are Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Legal To Buy?

For the most part, psilocybin mushroom spores are legal to own and possess in the United States. However, most states have made laws that criminalize the actual possession, transportation, germination, cultivation, and distribution of all mushrooms that contain psilocybin. But again, most states do not have laws against having magic mushroom spores in one’s possession. The only exceptions to those are the states of Georgia, Idaho, and California which have their own unique laws regarding psilocybin mushroom spores. Specifically, Georgia and Idaho have banned the importation of psilocybin spores into those states, by their residents. While California has banned the importation of psilocybin spores into the state, only if the buyer has an intent to germinate or manufacture the psilocybin mushroom spores. California’s legal stance in regard to psilocybin mushroom spores:

“Except as otherwise authorized by law, every person who, with intent to produce a controlled substance specified in paragraph (18) or (19) of subdivision (d) of Section 11054, cultivates any spores or mycelium capable of producing mushrooms or other material which contains such a controlled substance shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more than one year or in the state prison.”

One very exciting prospect and look into the future is the recent legalization of psilocybin in the state of Oregon, official in January 2021. With more and more growing interest in magic mushrooms (or those that contain the psychedelic psilocybin) and their use in mental health and medicine, who knows what the future holds!

Where To Buy Psilocybin Mushroom Spores

When looking where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores, the easiest way is to order them online from a reputable source. Typically they are sold in a spore syringe, which again are spores suspended in a sterile aqueous solution, or as a spore print. When buying online, make sure to look for some basic but fundamental services the retailer can provide. Such services should include: popular species of psilocybin mushroom spores (such as Golden Teacher, Penis Envy for example), discreet and professional shipping options with order tracking and reliable delivery, informative staff members, and of course excellent customer service available at any time. By narrowing down a potential psilocybin mushroom spores retailer to those that provide premium options, you are most likely saving yourself time, money, and energy in the long run. Not to mention risking less in the safety of knowing exactly which mushrooms you are buying and receiving. Only a reliable and reputable source for spores will ensure you receive a quality product in a professional way that ensures you come back time and time again.

Checking customer reviews and forums are other great ways to find where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores. Again though, be advised that psilocybin mushroom spores retailers will deny the sale if they suspect they will be intended for cultivation purposes without the proper licensing. Where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores is not the easiest place to find, but in today’s world it is in fact more accessible than in the past. When given the right lighting, humidity, temperature, and clean environment- psilocybin mushroom spores will produce plenty of psychedelic heads. FungusHead for example, is a trusted source and provider of everything psilocybin and has everything you need to grow your very own magic mushrooms. From the kits themselves to products such as heated mats and thermo-hygrometers, as well as full mycological study kits including psilocybin mushroom spores. FungusHead has the high quality produced and captured psilocybin mushroom spores for your scientific needs.

The Typical Cost Of Psilocybin Mushroom Spores

Magic mushrooms are one of the most widely used recreational psychotropic drugs because they can be found in the wild or grown fairly easily and inexpensively. Psilocybin mushroom spores are also considered to be one of the easiest to grow, considering a quality psilocybin grow kit is used. But as with anything hard to find mainstream, price can differentiate until the supply and demand is more even. When looking where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores in the US, the cost can range with an average of $15-$20. In buying psilocybin mushroom spores (the mycological equivalent to cannabis seeds) and with the right know-how and a few easily sourced (or, indeed, home-built) pieces of equipment, you could potentially produce well over 100 times the amount of mushrooms you could buy for the same price of buying the actual mushrooms themselves.

What Is Found Within A Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Grow Kit

Although buying psilocybin mushroom spores to use at home may sound intimidating, with some basic knowledge the process is fairly simple. Using a grow kit with psilocybin mushroom spores to grow your own mushrooms can save both money and hassle for a consumer. But what is found exactly within a  grow kit? It’s typical to find three basic things inside of a psilocybin grow kit: substratum containing living mycelium of the P. Cubensis (spores that have been developed), transparent grow bag with an air filter, and two paper clips. The mushroom substrate in a psilocybin grow kit consists of rye, vermiculite and perlite. Using a grow kit provides benefits because the development of the cubensis spores into the mycelium has already been done in a sterile laboratory. The mushrooms have not yet grown inside the kit because the mycelium is in a hibernation stage due to the cold environment. Trusted and reputable sources for grow kits is a great choice in where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores. And remember, before buying anything, make sure to do research on the legalities of doing so in the area in which you live.

 

 

CategoriesPsilocybin Psilocybin Grow Kit

What Is A Psilocybin Grow Kit?

We’ve all seen mushroom grow kits at a grocery store, most often for Oyster Mushrooms, and wondered “What the heck is that?” and continued on with our shopping. What retailers have figured out as far growing mushrooms from home, has never come at a better time with psilocybin interest on the rise. But, what is a psilocybin grow kit specifically, and how does it differ from a legalized mushroom strain grow kit? Well, in truth there is not much of a difference. Most mushroom grow kits contain mushroom spores, mushroom substratum, and a bag of some sort. But why use a psilocybin grow kit instead of just making your own? A psilocybin grow kit is a good introduction into magic mushroom growing for anyone without experience. But also great when you do not want to make your own substrate or do not have the resources to sterilize materials yourself. In this article we will discover the types of psilocybin mushrooms and why they require a grow kit for safe and best results.

Keep in mind, growing or germinating psilocybin mushrooms is illegal on a federal level and in most states. This article does not advocate the cultivation of psilocybin mushrooms, but more serves as a source for information on psilocybin and mushroom grow kits. The Controlled Substances Act classifies psilocybin as a Schedule 1 Substance, and therefore considered illegal in most places. Although the situation is slowly changing as researchers learn more about the therapeutic potential of these mushrooms. Even though psilocybin mushrooms have now been decriminalized in several US cities, including recently in Oregon, mushrooms are still hard to come by. Therefore, more and more people are wondering about how to grow mushrooms at home using a psilocybin grow kit.

What Makes Psilocybin Mushrooms Desirable To Grow

Before we get into what actually is a psilocybin grow kit, let’s take a look at what a psilocybin mushroom is and why it is coveted to consume. Did you know that there are over one hundred and eighty different species of psilocybin containing mushrooms?! These diverse fungi hail from roughly a dozen genera, but are often lumped together as “psilocybin mushrooms.” Most belong to the genus Psilocybe, including well-known species like P. Cubensis (Penis Envy) and P. Semilanceata (Liberty Cap). Psilocybin mushrooms might be so diverse, according to a study in Evolution Letters, because they didn’t inherit the genes behind psilocybin from a common ancestor. Instead they passed them directly among distant species in a phenomenon called “horizontal gene transfer.” Psilocybin could have originally evolved as a defense mechanism, the study’s authors suggest, deterring fungi-eating pests by “altering the insects’ ‘mind’.” Which quite possibly could explain the mushrooms unique characteristics that make it psychedelic.

Most Common Know Psilocybin Mushroom Species:

  • Psilocybe Cubensis is on the larger side as far as magic mushroom size goes. It’s also one of the most common. Called the common large Psilocybe, ‘Golden Teacher’, or ‘Mexican Mushroom’, it has many different types. The cap is usually reddish brown, with a white or yellowish stem. When bruised or crushed, its sticky flesh often turns bluish. Some people consider this a definitive sign of finding a psilocybin mushroom, but some toxic types of mushrooms bruise as well. It’s usually found in moist, humid climates and grows on the dung of grazing animals like cattle.
  • Psilocybe Semilanceata or ‘Liberty Cap’ is a common psilocybin mushroom. In general, P. Semilanceata is found in damp, grassy fields usually populated by cattle or sheep but unlike P. cubensis, it doesn’t grow directly on the dung. It’s a small mushroom, either light yellow or brown, with a very pointed cap. Another psilocybe mushroom, Psilocybe Pelliculosa, is often mistaken for P. semilanceata, but its psychotropic properties are weaker.
  • Psilocybe Baeocystis has a dark brown cap and brownish or yellowish stem when fresh. It can be found in fields in addition to growing on rotting logs, peat or mulch. Nicknames include potent Psilocybe, ‘Blue Bell’ and ‘Bottle Cap’.

If you plan on searching for mushrooms in the wild, your best bet may be to try densely forested areas close to water. Mushrooms require nutrients and moisture to grow, and these habitats provide both. Some species also grow in fields and grassland. P. Cubensis is also one of the easiest types of mushrooms to grow at home, which is why psilocybin grow kits are available. The other group of magic mushrooms is considerably smaller, but has a rich history of religious use back in time. It consists of one iconic species Amanita Muscaria (think the Mario Brothers Game mushroom), and a few less famous relatives like Amanita Pantherina (Panther Cap). Instead of psilocybin or psilocin, its main hallucinogens are chemicals known as muscimol and ibotenic acid. These “muscimol mushrooms” are related to some notoriously toxic fungi, namely Amanita Phalloides (Death Cap) and Amanita Ocreata (Destroying Angel). They’re generally less poisonous than those killer cousins, but given the high stakes of a mushroom mix-up, non-experts are advised to steer clear of Amanita varieties altogether.

Why Consumers Seed To Grow Psilocybin Mushrooms

One way to ensure access is for individuals to become psychedelically self-sufficient by growing psilocybin mushrooms at home. Some experts consider psilocybin mushrooms as one of the easiest things to grow in the world, as they need few specific parameters and a bit of patience. The man who did the most to bring magic mushrooms to mainstream U.S. drug culture was a writer and ethnobotanist named Terence McKenna. He had been experimenting with psychedelics since his teen years, but it wasn’t until a trip to the Amazon in 1971 that he discovered psilocybin mushrooms — fields of them, according to a 2000 profile in Wired magazine. In 1976, McKenna and his brother published “Psilocybin: Magic Mushroom Grower’s Guide,” a manual for cultivating psilocybin mushrooms at home. “What is described is only slightly more complicated than canning or making jelly,” McKenna wrote in the foreword to the book.

The increasing availability of information on growing techniques makes it possible for cultivators of all experience to grow psilocybin mushrooms without access to laboratory equipment. Along with states that embrace legalization of psilocybin, such as Oregon recently, psilocybin mushroom cultivation and use is on the rise. Countries and states that remove restrictions would most likely allow the growing and cultivation of magic mushrooms by individuals. But, keep in mind with some restrictions or limitations in being able to do so. One such example is again, the California Psilocybin Decriminalization Initiative. This Initiative, proposed by California residents and mushroom advocates, would enable adults to cultivate psilocybin mushrooms for personal use within their own home and on private property. Although, individuals may not exchange psilocybin mushrooms for money, goods, or services, as such a transaction would constitute a ‘sale’. Individuals wishing to sell psilocybin mushrooms would need to be licensed to do so by the State of California. Germinating psilocybin mushrooms is still illegal on a federal level, so be sure to know the laws of doing so in the area you live. Cultivation of psilocybin mushrooms is most often only recommended for research and learning purposes only.

What Is Found Within A Psilocybin Grow Kit

Although the prospect of psilocybin mushroom cultivation at home may sound daunting, with some basic knowledge the process is fairly simple. Using a psilocybin grow kit to grow your own mushrooms can save both money and hassle. So, what can be found then inside of a psilocybin grow kit? It’s typical to find three basic things inside of a psilocybin grow kit: substratum containing living mycelium of the P. Cubensis (spores that have been developed), transparent grow bag with an air filter, and two paper clips. The mushroom substrate in a psilocybin grow kit consists of rye, vermiculite and perlite. Using a psilocybin grow has benefits because the development of the cubensis spores into the mycelium has already been done in a sterile laboratory. The mushrooms have not yet grown inside the kit because the mycelium is in a hibernation stage due to the cold environment. Trusted and reputable sources of psilocybin mushrooms are the best choice for purchasing a psilocybin grow kit.

The Cost That Comes With Growing Your Own Magic Mushrooms

Magic mushrooms are one of the most widely used recreational psychotropic drugs because they can be found in the wild or grown fairly easily and inexpensively. Magic mushrooms are also considered to be one of the easiest to grow, considering a quality psilocybin grow kit is used. But as with anything hard to find mainstream, price can differentiate until the supply and demand is more even. If you’re buying magic mushrooms In the US, the cost can range with an average of $35 per eighth of an ounce (or $10 per gram). In Canada, where the first magic mushroom dispensaries are opening (though still not technically legal yet), those suffering from conditions such as depression, anxiety and cluster headaches can register to receive encapsulated microdoses of magic mushrooms at an even higher price per gram than those buying illicitly in the US.

By contrast, for $15-$20 you can purchase magic mushroom spores (the mycological equivalent to cannabis seeds) and with the right know-how and a few easily sourced (or, indeed, home-built) pieces of equipment, you could potentially produce well over 100 times the amount of mushrooms you could buy for the same price. Of course, there are additional set-up costs in both terms of time and money, as well as a level of risk. But some psilocybin mushroom cultivators have reduced these drawbacks by sharing them between a group of like-minded and trusted individuals. This in turn has effectively set up self-sufficient psilocybin mushroom collectives, with a shared goal and successful results. While under federal law, such activity is currently illegal, with Denver, Oakland and Santa Cruz all having decriminalized psilocybin mushrooms, the possibility of legal home cultivation for personal use may be just over the horizon. Oregon is proof of just that, making psilocybin legal as of January 2021 once finalized.

Growing Mushrooms That Contain Psilocybin Legally

Magic mushrooms grow naturally all over the globe, in many different regions of the world. Therefore, if you live in the right place, you may be lucky enough to find some in the wild. However, for those without experience, it is easy to misidentify mushrooms – a potentially lethal mistake. The best way to stay safe is to grow psilocybin mushrooms at home or buy from a reputable source. Due to their current legal status, the latter may not be an option for most. It is, however, possible to purchase spores as these do not contain the active compound psilocybin. That said, please note that growing shrooms is also illegal and readers choose to do so at their own discretion. Again, this article is for informational purposes only about psilocybin.

Whether or not such psychedelic therapies like psilocybin will become federally legal, is still far from reality in today’s world. According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), psilocybin is a “chemical obtained from certain types of fresh or dried mushrooms.” The mushrooms containing psilocybin are also known as magic mushrooms, hallucinogenic mushrooms, or “shrooms”. In the United States, psilocybin is a Schedule I drug under an amendment to the Controlled Substances Act called the Psychotropic Substances Act. This means that it has a high potential for abuse, has no currently accepted medical use, and is not regarded safe for use. This includes even under a doctor’s supervision. Since psilocybin is a psychotropic substance found in magic mushrooms, this is usually interpreted to mean that the mushrooms themselves are illegal. However, since mushroom spores don’t contain psilocybin, some have pointed to this as an ambiguity in the federal law. The legality of possessing, growing, consuming, or selling magic mushrooms greatly depends upon where you live. Ensuring what laws are applicable concerning magic mushrooms and a psilocybin grow kit are imperative for anyone seeking to cultivate these magnificent mushrooms.

 

CategoriesPsilocybin Psilocybin Grow Kit

How To Use A Psilocybin Grow Kit?

One way consumers are ensuring access to become psychedelically self-sufficient is by growing psilocybin mushrooms at home. With more curiosity growing by the year, magic mushrooms are a hot topic in today’s psychedelic world. The person who did the most to bring magic mushrooms to mainstream culture was a writer and ethnobotanist named Terence McKenna. He had been experimenting with psychedelics since his teen years, but it wasn’t until a trip to the Amazon in 1971 that he discovered psilocybin mushrooms, fields of them according to a 2000 profile in Wired magazine. In 1976, McKenna and his brother published “Psilocybin: Magic Mushroom Grower’s Guide,” a manual for cultivating psilocybin mushrooms at home. “What is described is only slightly more complicated than canning or making jelly,” McKenna wrote in the foreword to the book. Some experts consider psilocybin mushrooms as one of the easiest things to grow in the world, as they need few specific conditions and some patience. Learning how to use a psilocybin grow kit makes it even more easier for growers of all experience levels to cultivate their own mushrooms.

When growing mushrooms at home, be prepared to think of it less like growing vegetables and more like having a sourdough starter. If you get too ambitious with your growing operation, you could easily end up with way more mushrooms than you know what to do with. On the other hand, if you don’t take the necessary precautions, you could end up with a big moldy mess.

For those who are just curious about growing mushrooms at home, a psilocybin grow kit is a fun and worthwhile purchase to get you started. A psilocybin grow kit is also a good introduction into magic mushroom growing for anyone without experience. Psilocybin grow kits are great for those not wanting to make their own substrate (a substrate is a bulk material that the mushroom mycelium can use for energy and nutrition) or do not have the resources to sterilize materials. Give your magic mushroom kits the right lighting, humidity, temperature and clean environment and they’ll produce plenty of psychedelic heads. FungusHead has everything you need to grow your very own magic mushrooms, from the kits themselves to products such as heated mats and thermo-hygrometers, as well as full mycological study kits.

Key Factors In Growing Mushrooms From A Psilocybin Grow Kit

Some experts consider psilocybin mushrooms as one of the easiest things to grow in the world, as they need few specific conditions and a bit of patience. Each mushroom strain has a set of different properties as they’re from different parts of the world. Some are much easier to grow than others, some are much more potent, and others produce larger yields when compared. They also grow in various different shapes which cultivators can observe once they open up and fully reveal themselves. Knowing which kind of mushroom you want, and learning how to use a psilocybin grow kit is important before cultivation. Here are some key factors to strongly consider when growing mushrooms, or learning how to use a psilocybin grow kit.

Lighting – One of the most important factors when growing magic mushrooms is the amount of light that they receive and the quality of that light. Keep in mind that mushrooms and psilocybin grow kits should never be given direct light. Always keep the grow kit out of direct sunlight, which can have negative effects on the growth of your psilocybin mushrooms grown for research purposes.

Humidity – Humidity is essential, as it’s what activates the mycelium which is where the shrooms sprout from. To create and keep a warm and humid environment, most growers use a transparent grow bag with a micron filter. Similar to a greenhouse where you would grow plants and vegetables with a controllable environment. The transparent bag keeps moisture in the air for the mushrooms to feed on and flourish. Most mushroom cultivators would agree that humidity be high around 90%, at the very least. Growers can keep the humidity high by spraying with water every day, or two days, after the pinning of the mushrooms. Just as wild mushrooms prefer humid forests, so do domesticated mushrooms.

Temperature – Temperature is another very important factor, as mushrooms generally thrive between 21 and 24°C, so keeping a propagator right in the middle is key if you want to produce as many shrooms as possible. Some argue the optimum and precise temperature for mushrooms to develop out of the mycelium is 24-25 degrees. But, keep in mind that the temperature can vary with the different mushroom species or strain varieties.

Hygiene – Hygiene and a clean environment is essential in learning how to use a psilocybin grow kit to cultivate mushrooms. These magical guys are quite sensitive, and they need a clean and sterilized environment to thrive. Always make sure the grow kit is handled in a very clean and sterile environment. Always wash your hands and use gloves when you soak the grow kit or harvest. Use clean and fresh water for misting the kit, water you would consume yourself is recommended. And again, never ever touch them with your hands! Following strict hygiene guidelines will ensure you lower the risk of contamination.

Growing The Mycelium In Learning How To Use A Psilocybin Grow Kit

  • Once you have received both the mushroom spores and the bags, inoculate the bags with about 3-5 ccs of spores from your syringe.
  • Simply flame the needle with a lighter before putting it into the bag, followed by then injecting the spores into the grain bag. Although each experience can differ, it usually takes 2 weeks before any mycelium will start to grow.
  • When the mycelium is around the size of a quarter, (usually after about 3 weeks in time) shake the bag to evenly distribute this mycelium around. It is crucial to be very careful not to puncture the bag or poke any holes thru it.
  • Keep an eye on the bag, as it should be close to fully colonized around 2 weeks after the mycelium was distributed within.
  • Again, you will need to break up the mycelium and distribute evenly throughout the entire bag. After about 6 weeks in time, the bag will be fully colonized with mycelium.

What Makes A Psilocybin Grow Kit

  • Now that the mycelium has colonized, you can either fruit the mushrooms directly from the bag or you can further expand into a bulk substrate. Substrate is the bulk material that the mushroom mycelium can use for energy and nutrition. (A good substrate is required in order for the mushroom to grow and to fruit.)
  • Simply take one block of material used to make a substrate (high quality manure, rice flour, block of coco noir for examples) and 2 quarts of vermiculite and place them in a 5-gallon bucket, or container of relative size.
  • Pour one gallon of boiling water into the bucket and allow to sit for 1 hour.
  • Mix the ingredients together and allow to sit for another 2-3 hours, keeping the lid of the bucket on during this time.
  • Now place the substrates into sealable plastic bags which have a filter on them, or leave in the 5-gallon bucket. (This makes roughly 10 pounds of bulk substrate in case you were wondering!)
  • The only thing that needs to be done to grow magic mushrooms out of this mycelium is putting the psilocybin grow kit in a warm, light, and humid environment. Easy!

How To Use A Quality Psilocybin Grow Kit For Mushroom Fruitation

  • The substrate and mycelium need a humid environment to get started, they need to get moist first. You can do this by soaking (also called dunking) the substrate directly in quality water. (Use water from a cold water tap, or a bottled water source if the tap water is questionable or not to be trusted. Certain bacteria that survive in cold water could contaminate the grow kit. A good rule of thumb is if you would drink it yourself, you can use it for your psilocybin grow kit.)
  • The vermiculite and perlite will absorb lots of water and keep the grow kit moist.
  • Mix the spawn into the bucket or each bag. The bags should be sealed and the bucket should have the top placed on to it. Be sure to allow the substrate to fully cool before inoculating with spawn. Allow the spawn to grow for about 2-3 weeks, at this point everything should be fully colonized and ready to fruit!

How To Use A Psilocybin Grow Kit For Mushroom Cultivation

Between 10-30 days after the spawn is exposed to moisture, you will see the first mushrooms grow out of the psilocybin grow kit. But, keep in mind that developing time of the mushrooms can vary with the different strain variations. And for some cultivators, within a few days the mushrooms are ready to pick. They might be ready after around 3-4 days, as each type may be different. From then onwards mushrooms will start popping up all over. Checking on them throughout the day will allow you to see their rapid growth and you will probably notice them getting larger, growing a few centimeters a day. Harvesting is always the coolest part, as the grower gets to see the beauty and magic that is alive thanks to their hard work and patience. After harvesting, you will need to let the mushrooms dry for a few more days before being able to study them.

  • Before removing any mushrooms, put on some gloves for lower risk of contamination. Pinch the mushrooms stalk between your fingers, twisting with slight pressure. The mushrooms should pop out straight away.
  • Psilocybin mushrooms are quite sensitive and bruise easily. Most often, wherever you touch them they will begin to turn a dark color for a couple of hours. (This is normal and not a sign for worry about contamination or rot.)
  • Once all the mushrooms have been removed, do not throw away the container unless you have no other plans to keep more psilocybin mushrooms. Mycelium can remain active for longer periods of time, depending on the conditions given such as substrate quality and moisture. You may have a surprise of a whole new crop of mushrooms after just a couple of days. Some experienced cultivators that provide absolutely perfect conditions may even get three or four fruitations out of just one container.

The Difficulties That Can Arise With Growing Mushrooms

As with any new venture, there are bound to be some minor hiccups along the way. And that goes for learning how to use a psilocybin grow kit as well. One such hiccup is learning how to keep the growing environment at optimal levels, as far as sun/light and moisture. One of the most common concerns is when the mushrooms become a little dried out before they are finished growing. Many mushroom growers suggest loosely tenting your mushrooms in clear plastic to preserve moisture while also maintaining airflow. Contamination is also one of the most common problems reported when cultivating mushrooms. Incorrect sterilization is the lead cause of contamination. All life on Earth competes to survive, and mushrooms are especially sensitive. So providing mycelium with the best environment in which to thrive is paramount for ensuring growth when learning how to use a psilocybin grow kit.

Give your magic mushroom kits the right lighting, humidity, temperature and clean environment and they’ll produce plenty of psychedelic heads. FungusHead has everything you need to grow your very own magic mushrooms, from the kits themselves to products such as heated mats and thermo-hygrometers, as well as full mycological study kits. Having a reputable and professional source of psilocybin grow kits has proven to be beneficial. As those who can provide such quality products are most often very knowledgeable in psilocybin mushrooms as well as how to grow them successfully. And as a final reminder, the cultivation of psilocybin mushrooms is illegal in most areas of the world, let alone the United States. Be sure to know the laws of your area so you can enjoy the beauty in using your psilocybin grow kit legally!

 

CategoriesPsilocybin

The Benefits Of Using Psilocybin

So what’s all the fuss about psilocybin, or as most known commonly as magic mushrooms? Although most people associate psilocybin as a psychedelic “drug” that can have similar effects as an LSD “trip”, most are unaware of the benefits besides getting high. Magic mushrooms, or more specifically psilocybin containing mushrooms, as we are discovering have been used for centuries by people in a beneficial way. Magic mushrooms are found all over the world and almost every culture has a historic, sacred relationship with these important medicines. Whether it be ceremonial use, religious use, or psychological use- more and more discoveries and studies are under way in understanding the benefits of using psilocybin. Some people forage them simply for the pleasurable effects of euphoria induced following consumption. For others, they use the fungus as a means to gain spiritual insights and new knowledge. Interestingly, anecdotal tales of the benefits of eating magic mushrooms is now being supported and extended by new scientific research.

Magic mushrooms are proving to be good, especially when coupled with meditation or contemplative training. Psilocybin seems to offer some people a route to an alternate view of reality. One in which they shed the limitations of their individual consciousness and embrace a sense of interconnectedness and universality. These “experiences” have shown to be not temporary, but have transformative psychological effects. Some studies even offer insights on how we might minimize suffering and interpersonal strife, giving some people hope in gaining a sense of peace.

A Synopsis Of What Psilocybin Is Technically

Psilocybin is the main ingredient found in several types of psychoactive mushrooms, making it perhaps the best-known naturally-occurring psychedelic drug. Psilocybin is a hallucinogenic substance people ingest from various types of mushrooms that grow in regions of Europe, South America, Mexico, and the United States. Psilocybin is a hallucinogen that works by activating serotonin receptors, most often in the prefrontal cortex. This particular part of the brain affects mood, cognition, and perception for people. It is also important to note that hallucinogens work in other regions of the brain that regulate arousal and panic responses. Psilocybin does not always cause active visual or auditory hallucinations. Instead, it distorts how some people that use psilocybin perceive objects and people already in their environment. Distortions that some studies are underway in showing are beneficial, or in other words proving the benefits of using psilocybin.

Psilocybin and psilocin are the two major psychoactive substances which naturally occur in psychedelic mushrooms (or magic mushrooms). Psilocin is biologically active, whereas psilocybin is a psilocin prodrug, meaning that it is converted into psilocin when ingested via dephosphorylation. Factors such as the amount of ingested mushrooms, personal past experiences, and expectations of how the experience will take shape, can therefore all impact the effects of psilocybin. After the gut digests and absorbs these particular magic mushrooms, the body converts it to psilocybin. The hallucinogenic effects of psilocybin usually occur within 30 minutes of ingestion and can last between 4 and 6 hours. Keep in mind though, each person will be affected differently based on the factors named above. In some individuals, the changes in sensory perception and thought patterns can last for several days if not months. Hence the importance of having a base knowledge and understanding of psilocybin use.

Psilocybin is metabolized mostly in the liver. As it becomes converted to psilocin, it undergoes a first-pass effect, whereby its concentration is greatly reduced before it reaches the systemic circulation. Psilocin is broken down by the enzyme monoamine oxidase to produce several metabolites that can circulate in the blood plasma. Some psilocin is not broken down by enzymes and instead forms a glucuronide; this is a biochemical mechanism animals use to eliminate toxic substances by linking them with glucuronic acid, which can then be excreted in the urine. Based on studies using animals, about 50% of ingested psilocybin is absorbed through the stomach and intestine. Within 24 hours, about 65% of the absorbed psilocybin is excreted into the urine, and a further 15–20% is excreted in the bile and feces. Although most of the remaining drug is eliminated in this way within 8 hours, it is still detectable in the urine after 7 days. Psilocybin is about 100 times less potent than LSD on a weight per weight basis, and the physiological effects last about half as long.

The Benefits Of Using Psilocybin To Outline A Few

Positive Personality Shifts – Humans are born open and full of love, eager to connect, learn and grow as sentient beings. But, over the course of our lives, experiences that may cause suffering tend to close us down. People who have a series of negative events associated with aspects of their lives can close down to the detriment of future experiences. Obvious examples include a relationship break-up leaving a heart broken, more often than not leaving a person less open to future romantic encounters. This resulting behavior can sometimes protect us, but in many cases, limit our life potential by shutting out new experiences and opportunities. There lies one of the benefits of using psilocybin in helping to shift a personality or one’s openness in a positive direction. In a 2011 study, researchers found “significant increases in Openness following a high-dose psilocybin session.” Openness is a psychological term for someone’s attitude toward new experiences, and is associated with traits like imagination, creativity, and aesthetic appreciation. Not only did openness generally rise during a psilocybin session, but also continued there after. In nearly 60 percent of study participants, it remained significantly higher than baseline for more than 1 year after the psilocybin session.

Smoking And Drug Addictions – Those suffering from unhealthy patterns or addictions in their life have also experienced the benefits of using psilocybin. Magic mushrooms have been shown to help treat addiction to habit-forming drugs like cocaine and nicotine. In 2008, Amanda Feilding of The Beckley Foundation initiated a collaboration with Johns Hopkins University on a pilot study investigating psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy to overcome nicotine addiction. With continued support from the Heffter Research Institute, the ongoing research is strengthening the case for psilocybin as a breakthrough treatment for substance abuse disorders.

Increased Creativity And Dissolving Of The Ego – Psychedelics in general, and psilocybin specifically, can enable states where our conscious experience of the world is freed from its association with our specific ego which may be revealed to be an illusory construct. In a 2017 study, temporary ego loss could be one of the benefits of using psilocybin in the right context. These expansive, sometimes life-changing experiences help us to feel profoundly connected and alive. Psilocybin use has also shown to boost creativity within participants.

Psilocybin May Prove To Be Beneficial To Cancer Patients

A single dose of psilocybin combined with psychotherapy may significantly improve psychiatric distress in patients with cancer for nearly 5 years after administration, according to study findings published in Journal of Psychopharmacology. The researchers found that reductions in depression, anxiety, demoralization, hopelessness and death anxiety were sustained at both follow-ups. Approximately 60% to 80% of participants met criteria for clinically significant antidepressant or anxiolytic responses at the 4.5-year follow-up. Between 71% and 100% of participants attributed positive life changes to the psilocybin-assisted therapy and rated it among the most spiritually significant and personally meaningful experiences of their lives, the researchers wrote.

Psilocybin To Treat Depression

Researchers find that the psychoactive compound in mushrooms may be helpful for patients with severe depression who did not respond to conventional therapy. Discussions are on-going about whether psychological specialists can use psilocybin and similar hallucinogens as a treatment for depression. For the second time in a year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has designated psilocybin therapy, which is currently being tested in clinical trials, as “breakthrough therapy”. An action that is meant to accelerate the typically sluggish process of drug development and review. It is typically requested by a drug company and granted only when preliminary evidence suggests the drug may be an enormous improvement over already available therapy, according to the FDA.

Last year, the FDA granted “breakthrough therapy” status to psilocybin therapy in the still-ongoing clinical trials run by the company Compass Pathways. The company has been looking into psilocybin’s potential to treat severe treatment-resistant depression, or depression in patients who have not improved after undergoing two different antidepressant treatments, according to New Atlas. Additionally, a team of researchers from the University of South Florida discovered that psilocybin can also bind itself to receptors that stimulate healing. Therefore, it’s believed psilocybin repairs and grows brain cells, which could prove beneficial to those who suffer from treatment-resistant depression. This severe form of depression is one that impairs those suffering at the highest level. Treatment-resistant depression is when depressive symptoms aren’t relieved by any tried therapies, including:

  • Various medications
  • Various talk therapies
  • Lifestyle changes
  • Alternative therapies

The whole-brain analyses performed by the researchers showed a decreased cerebral blood flow in the temporal cortex, including in the almond-shaped amygdala, or the brain’s so-called fear hub, which processes our “fight-or-flight” response.The decreased blood flow in the amygdala correlated with the decrease in depressive symptoms, and the researchers also found increased resting-state functional connectivity, or stability, in the brain’s “default mode network.” An increase in the integrity of this network has previously been found to be associated with depression, so observing this after treatment was deemed intriguing by the researchers.

Other Studies Confirming The Benefits Of Using Psilocybin

Two very recent studies have looked at psilocybin as a treatment. One study examined the ability of psilocybin to reduce depression symptoms without dulling emotions, and the other assessed the relationship between any positive therapeutic outcomes and the nature of psilocybin-induced hallucinations. The researchers used functional MRI to analyze the brain activity of these people both before and after treatment with psilocybin.

The second study was one where all patients had been diagnosed with “treatment-resistant,” or severe, depression. As part of the research, they received one 10-milligram dose of psilocybin, and another dose of 25 milligrams a week later. Participants were also asked to fill in a clinical questionnaire, wherein they reported their experience. All 19 patients showed significantly decreased depressive symptoms 1 week after the treatment. After 5 weeks, 12 of the 19 patients showed lasting benefits and were therefore deemed to be “responsive” to the treatment. These results were clearly interesting and exciting for researchers eager to learn more about the benefits of using psilocybin.

Mircodosing Of Psilocybin Mushrooms Is Gaining Traction

The benefits of using psilocybin are gaining traction by those who seek their positive outcomes from use. In fact, micro-dosing of psilocybin is in growing demand. Micro-dosing involves taking roughly one-tenth the “trip” dose of a psychedelic drug, an amount too little to trigger hallucinations but enough, its proponents say, to sharpen the mind. Psilocybin microdose users report that the mushrooms can increase creativity, calm anxiety, decrease the need for caffeine, and reduce depression. There is enough evidence that trip doses might have the latter effect that, on Wednesday, London-based Compass Pathways received Food and Drug Administration approval for a Phase 2B clinical trial of psilocybin (in larger-than-microdoses) for treatment-resistant depression. But research into microdosing is minimal and still underway. The benefits of using psilocybin are still being discovered and looked at more closely as time goes on.

With more and more demand for natural alternatives concerning treatment and care of the brain and whole body, the benefits of using psilocybin are becoming a more prevalent topic in today’s world. Whether it be mental, physical, or psychological ailments, magic mushrooms are gaining interest as an alternative way of healing for many people. Hence why mushroom activists, users, and fans are rallying to change how the world looks at mushrooms and their psychedelic family members. Helping to decriminalize their use, and expand knowledge of the benefits of using psilocybin. Mushrooms and their psilocybin family members are complex, wonderful examples of Mother Nature and her exquisite creations.

 

CategoriesMagic Mushrooms Psilocybin

All You Need To Know About Magic Mushrooms And Psilocybin

With more and more demand for natural alternatives concerning treatment and care of the brain and whole body, magic mushrooms ( or psilocybin specifically) are becoming a more prevalent topic in today’s world. Whether it be mental, physical, or psychological ailments, mushrooms are gaining interest as an alternative way of healing for many. But what exactly do mushrooms offer in terms of health versus risk? What are, if any, the side effects of taking mushrooms internally both mentally and physically? Have well-respected, substantial, and qualified studies been conducted on their effects and safety? Are mushrooms, or psilocybin products legal to obtain and use in your state? Is an individual able, and for that matter allowed, to grow their own magic mushrooms for personal use? These are all excellent and popular questions that come with the territory concerning magic mushrooms and what they encompass. In this blog, we hope to answer these questions and help anyone interested become more acquainted with magic mushrooms and psilocybin. Including how, where, and why they are used in yesterdays and today’s society.

What Are Magical Mushrooms?

Fungi have flourished and existed on our beautiful Earth for quite some time, possibly more than 2 billion year!. They have developed some impressive evolutions during that time, including many that can either be considered fascinating or frightening to people. And for most people out there, sometimes a bit of both. Some ancient mushrooms grew nearly 30 feet (9 meters) tall before trees existed! For example, a honey fungus that still grows today in Oregon may be the largest organism on the planet, spanning an area of about 400 acres! Oregon scientists studying this particular organism estimate that If you scooped it all up and piled it together, it could weigh at least 7,500 tons and maybe up to 35,000 tons. And not to mention, this particular honey fungus is aged anywhere from 2,000-to-8,000 years old! There are even certain kinds of fungi that can glow in the dark, and a few that turn insects into zombies. Some species are lethal to humans, while others provide us with valuable superfoods. Mushrooms and their magical family members are complex, wonderful examples of Mother Nature and her exquisite creations.

What Exactly Qualifies A Mushroom To Be Considered Magical?

So what exact characteristics qualify a particular mushroom to be considered “magical”? The types of mushrooms containing psilocybin are most commonly known as “magic mushrooms”. Magic mushrooms are among the oldest recreational drugs that human beings have ever used, and what is even more amazing is that they are still actively used today! Mushrooms, or fungus if you will, have been mentioned and referenced throughout our history of civilization thru ancient cave paintings, manuscripts, and constructs. They continue to be referenced in pop culture, music, movies, and many books. Some recent research is not only suggesting, but proving, that magical mushrooms (those containing psilocybin) may have beneficial medicinal properties as well.

Magic mushrooms are often small, and are usually color shades ranging between brown and tan, to a golden beige. At first glance magical mushrooms, or Psilocybe Cubensis by their scientific name, do not look particularly magical. In fact, the scientific name of this little brown-and-white mushroom roughly translates to “bald head,” befitting the mushrooms’ rather plain-looking appearance. But those who have ingested a dose of Psilocybe Cubensis say it changes the user’s world completely. Psilocybin is most commonly found in wild or homegrown mushrooms, and sold either fresh or dried. In the wild, people commonly mistake magic mushrooms containing psilocybin for any number of other mushrooms that are poisonous. Hence the importance of becoming knowledgeable about mushrooms, as well as being able to properly identify them.

The Vast Species Of Psilocybin Containing Mushrooms

Did you know that there are over one hundred and eighty different species of psilocybin containing magic mushrooms?! Latin America and the Caribbean are home to more than 50 species, and Mexico alone has 53. There are 22 species of magic mushrooms in North America, 16 in Europe, 19 in Australia and the Pacific island region, 15 in Asia, and a mere four in Africa. These diverse fungi hail from roughly a dozen genera, but are often lumped together as “psilocybin mushrooms.” Most belong to the genus Psilocybe, including well-known species like P. Cubensis (Gold Top) and P. Semilanceata (Liberty Cap). Psilocybin mushrooms might be so diverse, according to a study in Evolution Letters, because they didn’t inherit the genes behind psilocybin from a common ancestor. Instead they passed them directly among distant species in a phenomenon called “horizontal gene transfer.” Psilocybin could have originally evolved as a defense mechanism, the study’s authors suggest, deterring fungi-eating pests by “altering the insects’ ‘mind’.” Which quite possibly could explain the mushrooms unique characteristics that make it psychedelic.

The other group of magic mushrooms is considerably smaller, but has a rich history of religious use back in time. It consists of one iconic species Amanita Muscaria (think the Mario Brothers Game mushroom), and a few less famous relatives like Amanita Pantherina (Panther Cap). Instead of psilocybin or psilocin, its main hallucinogens are chemicals known as muscimol and ibotenic acid. These “muscimol mushrooms” are related to some notoriously toxic fungi, namely Amanita Phalloides (Death Cap) and Amanita Ocreata (Destroying Angel). They’re generally less poisonous than those killer cousins, but given the high stakes of a mushroom mix-up, non-experts are advised to steer clear of Amanita varieties altogether.

Here is a breakdown of the most common or popular species of magical mushrooms:

  • Psilocybe cubensis is on the larger side as far as magic mushroom size goes. It’s also one of the most common. Called the common large Psilocybe, golden cap or Mexican mushroom, it has many different types. The cap is usually reddish brown, with a white or yellowish stem. When bruised or crushed, its sticky flesh often turns bluish. Some people consider this a definitive sign of finding a magic mushroom, but some toxic types of mushrooms bruise as well. It’s usually found in moist, humid climates and grows on the dung of grazing animals like cattle.
  • Psilocybe semilanceata or liberty cap is a common psilocybin mushroom. In general, P. semilanceata is found in damp, grassy fields usually populated by cattle or sheep but unlike P. cubensis, it doesn’t grow directly on the dung. It’s a small mushroom, either light yellow or brown, with a very pointed cap. Another psilocybe mushroom, Psilocybe pelliculosa, is often mistaken for P. semilanceata, but its psychotropic properties are weaker.
  • Psilocybe baeocystis has a dark brown cap and brownish or yellowish stem when fresh. It can be found in fields in addition to growing on rotting logs, peat or mulch. Nicknames include potent Psilocybe, blue bell and bottle cap.

Not All Mushrooms Are Created Equal When It Comes To Compounds

Each species contains varying levels of active compounds, making them quite vastly unique in potency. Some species contain psilocybin at levels as high as 1.78% on a dry-weight basis, whereas other species contain psilocybin at levels as low as 0.16% on a dry-weight basis, an eleven-fold difference. Furthermore, on the basis of weight, dried mushrooms typically contain ten times as much psilocybin as fresh (wet) mushrooms, due to the reduction in moisture content which occurs through drying. Hence why it is important to understand the variances of psilocybin sources, and their respective amounts when deciding to use or consume internally.

Mushrooms don’t just exist just to get people or animals high, as they have their own lives. And as with all of Mother Nature’s creatures and living organisms, reproduction is at the fore-front. Like other fungi, mushrooms reproduce via spores, which travel by breeze to find a new place to grow. But, mushrooms most often live in sheltered areas on forested floors, where the wind doesn’t blow. To solve the problem of spreading their spores, some magic mushrooms (including the hallucinogenic Amanita Muscaria) create their own wind geniusly. In order to do this, the fungi increase the rate that water evaporates off of their surfaces, placing water vapor in the air immediately around them. This water vapor, along with the cool air created by evaporation, works to lift spores. Together, these two forces can lift the spores up to 4 inches (10 centimeters) above the mushroom, according to a presentation at the 2013 meeting of the American Physical Society’s Division of Fluid Dynamics. How very impressive to say the least, for an organism bound to the ground!

What Is Psilocybin Exactly?

Psilocybin is the main ingredient found in several types of psychoactive mushrooms, making it perhaps the best-known naturally-occurring psychedelic drug. Psilocybin is a hallucinogenic substance people ingest from various types of mushrooms that grow in regions of Europe, South America, Mexico, and the United States. Psilocybin is a hallucinogen that works by activating serotonin receptors, most often in the prefrontal cortex. This particular part of the brain affects mood, cognition, and perception for people. It is also important to note that hallucinogens work in other regions of the brain that regulate arousal and panic responses. Psilocybin does not always cause active visual or auditory hallucinations. Instead, it distorts how some people that use psilocybin perceive objects and people already in their environment.

Psilocybin and psilocin are the two major psychoactive substances which naturally occur in psychedelic mushrooms (or magic mushrooms). Psilocin is biologically active, whereas psilocybin is a psilocin prodrug, meaning that it is converted into psilocin when ingested via dephosphorylation. Factors such as the amount of ingested mushrooms, personal past experiences, and expectations of how the experience will take shape, can therefore all impact the effects of psilocybin. After the gut digests and absorbs these particular magic mushrooms, the body converts it to psilocybin. The hallucinogenic effects of psilocybin usually occur within 30 minutes of ingestion and can last between 4 and 6 hours. Keep in mind though, each person will be affected differently based on the factors named above. In some individuals, the changes in sensory perception and thought patterns can last for several days if not months.

Psilocybin is metabolized mostly in the liver. As it becomes converted to psilocin, it undergoes a first-pass effect, whereby its concentration is greatly reduced before it reaches the systemic circulation. Psilocin is broken down by the enzyme monoamine oxidase to produce several metabolites that can circulate in the blood plasma. Some psilocin is not broken down by enzymes and instead forms a glucuronide; this is a biochemical mechanism animals use to eliminate toxic substances by linking them with glucuronic acid, which can then be excreted in the urine. Based on studies using animals, about 50% of ingested psilocybin is absorbed through the stomach and intestine. Within 24 hours, about 65% of the absorbed psilocybin is excreted into the urine, and a further 15–20% is excreted in the bile and feces. Although most of the remaining drug is eliminated in this way within 8 hours, it is still detectable in the urine after 7 days. Psilocybin is about 100 times less potent than LSD on a weight per weight basis, and the physiological effects last about half as long.

How And Who Are Consuming Magic Mushrooms Containing Psilocybin?

But just how much popularity have magic mushrooms gained over the years, and by whom? In each year between 2002 and 2014, an annual average of 0.1% of people across all ages were considered to be current psychedelic users (meaning they reported use within 30 days of completing the survey). In 2014, 0.3% of the 16,875 adolescent respondents (12 to 17 year-olds) in the US were considered to be current users of psychedelics, 0.3% of the 11,643 young adult respondents (18 to 25), and 0.1% of 33,750 adult respondents aged 26 or older. However, from 2004–2005 (the last year data for this specific question were available), around half of the people who reported trying a psychedelic for the first time used psilocybin mushrooms (out of approximately 67,000 respondents). Although the actual numbers may be greater, as there are most definitely psychedelic users not reporting thru surveys voluntarily.

These days, magic mushrooms are finding broader acceptance and awareness in popular culture. Some people have taken up what’s called “microdosing” with psilocybin, essentially consuming tiny amounts of the chemical. They don’t experience full-blown trips. Instead, they feel a boost in mood and creativity that they believe lowers their anxiety and makes them more productive.The potency of a mushroom depends on the Species, Origin, Growing Condition, Harvest Period, and How Consumed. For example; the amount of active ingredients in dried mushrooms is about 10 times higher than the amount found in their fresh counterparts. Which is a substantial difference when consuming. It’s also important to understand these variances can lead to vastly different end products and experiences. Knowing your source when buying mushrooms containing psilocybin is imperative, as well as knowing how much to physically ingest.

How Much Psilocybin Should An Interested Individual Use?

The appropriate dosage of psilocybin can vary depending on the intended purpose. Psilocybin, like other psychedelics, often evokes conscious awareness of subconscious thoughts and feelings, such as repressed memories, feelings about life circumstances, fantasies, or deep fears. Thus, if someone makes the decision to use psilocybin mushrooms, it is important for that person to be prepared to deal with unusual – and perhaps even challenging – thoughts, images, and feelings in an open and thoughtful manner. It is also best to use psilocybin (or any psychedelic) with someone not under the influence of the substance (a “guide”) who can prevent the user from engaging in dangerous activities. Although psilocybin is considered active at doses around 3-4 mg, a common dose used in clinical research settings ranges from 14-30 mg. Listed below are a selection of psilocybin dosages used in clinical trials and the associated medical condition the dosage was aimed at treating:

  • 0.314 mg of psilocybin (oral, per kg of body weight) – Psilocybin produces substantial and sustained decreases in depression and anxiety in patients with life-threatening cancer: A randomized double-blind trial, Griffiths et al., Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2016.
  • 0.286-0.429 mg of psilocybin (oral, per kg of body weight) – Pilot Study of the 5-HT2AR Agonist Psilocybin in the Treatment of Tobacco Addiction, Johnson et al., Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2014.
  • 0.3-0.4 mg of psilocybin (oral, per kg of body weight) – Psilocybin-assisted treatment for alcohol dependence: A proof-of-concept study, Bogenschutz et al., Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2015.
  • 10-25 mg of psilocybin (oral, not proportional to body weight) – 1) Psilocybin with psychological support for treatment-resistant depression: an open-label feasibility study, Carhart-Harris et al., The Lancet, 2016, 2) Psilocybin with psychological support improves emotional face recognition in treatment-resistant depression, Stroud et al., Psychopharmacology, 2018, 3) Effects of psilocybin therapy on personality structure, Erritzoe et al., Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 2018.
  • 2 mg of psilocybin (intravenous, not proportional to body weight) – Implications for psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy: functional magnetic resonance imaging study with psilocybin, Carhart-Harris et al., British Journal of Psychiatry, 2012.

The most popular species of psilocybin mushrooms is Psilocybe cubensis, which is usually taken orally either by eating dried caps and stems or steeped in hot water and drunk as a tea, with a common dose around 1-2.5 grams. Mushrooms with psilocybin usually have a bitter taste, so people consume them either as a brewed tea or prepared with a food item. Preparing mushrooms with a food item helps to mask or neutralize the sometimes bitter taste. Some people even prefer sweetness to counteract the bitterness by covering them with chocolate. For those who wish to not eat or chew mushrooms with psilocybin, supplements can be found as well. There are manufacturers that crush dried mushrooms into a powder and prepare them in capsule form.

Are Magic Mushrooms Considered Safe To Use And Consume?

Amid this upswell of research, the old caricatures of magic mushrooms seem to be quickly changing. The U.S. cities of Denver and Oakland both decriminalized psilocybin in 2019, for instance, and similar efforts are now underway elsewhere, including some at the state level. Psilocybin was also recently designated a “breakthrough therapy” for depression by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and in late 2019, a major study found “no serious adverse effects” in 89 healthy volunteers, and no negative effects on cognitive or emotional functioning.

The effects of psilocybin are highly variable and depend on the mindset and environment in which the user has the experience, factors commonly referred to as set and setting. In the early 1960s, Timothy Leary and colleagues at Harvard University investigated the role of set and setting on the effects of psilocybin. Leary and his colleagues administered the drug to 175 volunteers from various backgrounds in an environment intended to be similar to a comfortable living room. Ninety-eight of the subjects were given questionnaires to assess their experiences and the contribution of background and situational factors.

Individuals who had experience with psilocybin prior to the study reported more positive experiences than those for whom the drug was novel. Group size, dosage, preparation, and expectancy were important determinants of the drug response. In general, those placed in groups of more than eight individuals felt that the groups were less supportive, and their experiences were not as pleasant. Conversely, smaller groups (fewer than six individuals) were seen as more supportive. Participants also reported having more positive reactions to the drug in those groups. Leary and colleagues proposed that psilocybin heightens suggestibility, making an individual more receptive to interpersonal interactions and environmental stimuli. These findings were affirmed in a later review by Josten Berge (1999), who concluded that dosage, set, and setting were fundamental factors in determining the outcome of experiments that tested the effects of psychedelic drugs on artists’ creativity.

The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances assigns psilocybin a relatively high therapeutic index of 641 (higher values correspond to a better safety profile); for comparison, the therapeutic indices of aspirin and nicotine are 199 and 21, respectively. Risk of fatal overdose is virtually nonexistent with psilocybin mushrooms; however, risky behaviors sometimes occur while people are under the influence. Due to the lack of quality control regulations under prohibition and the risk of consuming things growing in nature, there is potential for people attempting to pick psilocybin mushrooms in the wild to accidentally take poisonous mushrooms instead. Similarly, though also very unlikely, poisonous mushrooms are sometimes misrepresented and sold as psilocybin, and these do come with more physical risks, including fatal.

Are Magic Mushrooms Bad For You Or Addictive?

Knowing the actual effects of psilocybin mushrooms, information on dosing, and resources for handling difficult experiences can help prevent dangerous situations, while enhancing their potential benefits. Mushrooms, including those that contain Psilocybin, have been used for centuries by people and for good reason. Researchers around the world are exploring “magic mushrooms” , transformative power to help people quit smoking, lower violent crime, treat depression, calm anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder, and trigger lasting spiritual epiphanies in psychologically healthy people. Among regulated drugs, psilocybin mushrooms also have relatively few medical risks. In September 2019, Johns Hopkins University unveiled its Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research. There, scientists plan to evaluate psilocybin as a possible treatment for everything from Opioid Addiction, Lyme Disease, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Nicotine and Alcohol Dependency, and many other ailments.

Magic mushrooms, or psilocybin specifically, is not considered to be addictive nor does it seem to cause compulsive use. One reason being the intense reaction that comes along with using psilocybin can be very physically and mentally challenging. Therefore, causing an individual experiencing such strong feelings to want to limit their use. Another reason is that the human body quickly builds tolerance to psilocybin specifically. So much so that people require much higher doses after only a few days of repeated use, making it extremely difficult to have any effect after more than four days of repeated usage. Also because of the similar brain receptors involved in their effects, cross- tolerance occurs with LSD and psilocybin. Meaning that if someone takes LSD one day, the effects of taking psilocybin the next day will be diminished. Some psychedelics can even help treat addiction to habit-forming drugs like cocaine and nicotine.

Again, the risks from psilocybin are dependent on set and setting and differ from other types of drugs. The consequences of negative or challenging experiences can be minimized by education and awareness of psilocybin’s effects, with particular attention paid to issues around set and setting prior to the experience. Most of the comparatively few fatal incidents reported in the literature that are associated with psychedelic mushroom usage involve the simultaneous use of other drugs, especially alcohol. Probably the most common cause of hospital admissions resulting from psychedelic mushroom usage involve “bad trips” or panic reactions, in which affected individuals become extremely anxious, confused, agitated, or disoriented. Accidents, self-injury, or suicide attempts can result from serious cases of acute psychotic episodes. Although no studies have linked psilocybin with birth defects it is recommended that pregnant women avoid their usage.

Studies And Observations Done Concerning Psilocybin

Because of the expensive and maze-like approval process for research with Schedule I drugs, not to mention the political influence of the war on drugs, studies are limited. Research and studies evaluating psilocybin’s beneficial uses, most often do not receive funding from academic or government institutions. Instead, psilocybin research opportunities rely on non-profit organizations like the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, the Beckley Foundation, the Heffter Research Institute, and public donations. Magic mushroom studies tend to be small, and rely on volunteers willing to take the “drug” which can lead to varied and alternate experiences.

According to an October 2014 study, researchers at King’s College London asked 15 volunteers undergo brain scanning by a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) machine. They did so once after ingesting a dose of magic mushrooms, and once after taking a placebo. The resulting brain connectivity maps showed that, while under the influence of the drug, the brain synchronizes activity among areas that would not normally be connected. This alteration in activity could explain the dreamy state that magic mushroom users report experiencing after taking the drug, the researchers said.

Interestingly though, magic mushrooms are proving to be good, especially when coupled with meditation or contemplative training. Psilocybin seems to offer some people a route to an alternate view of reality. One in which they shed the limitations of their individual consciousness and embrace a sense of interconnectedness and universality. These “experiences” have shown to be not temporary, but have transformative psychological effects. Some studies even offer insights on how we might minimize suffering and interpersonal strife, giving some people hope in gaining a sense of peace.

It is important to note that in the past, psilocybin and other hallucinogenic drugs were at the center of a thriving research program. During the 1960s, for example, Harvard psychologist Timothy Leary and his colleagues ran a series of experiments with magic mushrooms called the Harvard Psilocybin Project. Among the most famous was the Marsh Chapel Experiment, in which volunteers were given either psilocybin or a placebo before a church service in the chapel. Those who got psilocybin were more likely to report a mystical spiritual experience. A 25-year follow-up in 1991 found that participants who got the psilocybin remembered feeling even more unity and sacredness than they said they’d felt six months after the fact. Many described the experience as life altering.

Today, there are dozens of studies taking place to evaluate the medical safety and efficacy of psychedelics, including psilocybin. Much of the early research did not stand up to today’s standards, as they often lacked a placebo control group or double-blinding procedures (in which neither the subject of the research nor the investigators knew whether the subject received psilocybin or placebo). Nevertheless, their promising findings have been revisited and spurred a resurgence of new, more rigorous research on the potential benefits of psychedelics for various ailments. Visit ClinicalTrials.gov and search for ‘Psilocybin’ to find ongoing and planned clinical trials involving Psilocybin.

How Common Have Magic Mushrooms Been Found To Be Used By People?

Psilocybin mushrooms are considered one of the most well-known psychedelics, but according to SAMHSA (or the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration), which conducts the largest annual national survey on drug use, their use is not at all common. Psychedelic use is so low that several drugs are grouped under the category of “hallucinogens,” which includes LSD, Peyote, Mescaline, Psilocybin (or Magic Mushrooms), and “Ecstasy” or Molly (MDMA). In the United States, the NSDUH (National Survey on Drug Use and Health) suggested that, between 2009 and 2015, around 8.5 percent of people reported using psilocybin at some point in their life. Most people who have used psilocybin, have done so usually at dance clubs or in select groups of people seeking a transcendent spiritual experience. Data from people reporting lifetime use of psychedelics shows similar rates across most age ranges, meaning just as many young adults in the 21st century have used psychedelics as older adults who lived through the 1960’s and 1970’s.

Psilocybin mushrooms have been and continue to be used in indigenous New World cultures in religious, divinatory, or spiritual contexts. Reflecting the meaning of the word entheogen (“the god within”), the mushrooms are revered as powerful spiritual sacraments that provide access to sacred worlds. Typically used in small group community settings, they enhance group cohesion and reaffirm traditional values. Terence McKenna documented the worldwide practices of psilocybin mushroom usage as part of a cultural ethos relating to the Earth and mysteries of nature, and suggested that mushrooms enhanced self-awareness and a sense of contact with a “Transcendent Other”—reflecting a deeper understanding of our connectedness with nature

In medical settings, doctors have tested psilocybin for use in treating Cluster Headaches, End-Stage Cancer Anxiety, Depression, and other Anxiety Disorders. But, as life proves to us all at some point in our lives, with the good can also come the bad. Not everyone will experience a substance the same way. Factors can differentiate between an individual’s chemistry, experience, and awareness of self, therefore leading to different experiences and results.

Magic Mushrooms Known Sides Effects Of The Brain

When you ingest psilocybin internally, your gut then converts it into another chemical called psilocin. This resulting chemical psilocin is what triggers changes in an individual’s brain. Psilocin binds with serotonin receptors in the brain, specifically the 5-HT2C receptor regulating neurotransmitter chemicals that control feelings of appetite, cognition, anxiety, imagination, mood, and perception. It increases activity in the visual cortex, leading to changes in perception and it decreases network activity in the “default mode network,” driving the experience of ego loss.

The mental side effects of psilocybin are generally similar to those of LSD, or Lysergic Acid Diethylamide. These effects include an altered perception of time, space, surroundings, and an intense change in mood and/or feelings. Possible effects of psilocybin include: Euphoria, Paranoia, Peacefulness, Spiritual Awakening, Confusion, Quickly Changing Emotions, and Derealization- or the feeling that your surroundings are not real. Distorted Thinking, Visual Alteration and Distortion, Frightening Hallucinations, and Depersonalization- or a dream-like sense of being disengaged from your surroundings. Psychological distress is the adverse event most often reported after recreational use of psilocybin. This distress can take the form of extreme anxiety or short-term psychosis. The environment factor in which an individual or group experience taking magic mushrooms is proving to show to be important as well. Those who partake in consuming psilocybin in a calm and supportive environment tend to have a more positive transforming experience.

While brain activity generally returns to normal after psilocybin wears off, research suggests some effects can last longer. One study, published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, measured how psilocybin affects five domains of personality — neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness. It found “significant increases in Openness following a high-dose psilocybin session. “Openness is a psychological term for someone’s attitude toward new experiences, and is associated with traits like imagination, creativity and aesthetic appreciation. Not only did openness generally rise during a psilocybin session, but in nearly 60% of study participants, it “remained significantly higher than baseline more than 1 year after the session,” the researchers wrote. That was surprising, they added, since personality doesn’t usually change much after the age of 30, especially not like this. “Normally, if anything, openness tends to decrease as people get older,” the lead author of the study said in a statement.

Some people report losing their sense of self while on magic mushrooms. This “dissolving” of the ego is typically short-lived, but may be related to some longer-lasting effects of psychedelics, like the openness mentioned above. And according to a 2017 study published in the journal Neuroscience of Consciousness, temporary ego loss could be beneficial in the right context. “This ‘ego dissolution’ results in a moment of expanded awareness, a feeling in which the mind is put more directly and intensely in touch with the world,” said co-author Philip Gerrans, a philosophy professor at the University of Adelaide, in a statement. “Through this experience it may be possible to re-engineer the mechanisms of self, which in turn could change people’s outlook or worldview. The profound sense of connection produced by this experience has the potential to be beneficial for people suffering from anxiety, depression and some forms of addiction.”

We, as a human race and society, still have a lot to learn about how magic mushrooms affect the human brain. But, thanks to thousands of years of experience and a growing surge of modern research, we have at least learned enough to know it’s probably worth learning more.

Magic Mushrooms Known Side Effects Of The Body

The risks associated with psychedelic drugs such as magic mushrooms containing psilocybin are mostly psychological, not physical. Physically, psilocybin mushrooms are considered one of the least toxic drugs known. Although lethal doses have been determined from experiments in several animal models, recorded cases of death exclusively attributed to usual doses of psilocybin mushrooms in humans are extremely rare. Psilocybin’s effects last around 4-6 hours, with peak effects occurring 2-3 hours after ingestion. These effects include sensory enhancement, a sense of time changing (minutes can feel like hours), real or imagined objects appear to be moving (flowing patterns and shapes) both with eyes open or closed. Known side effects of the body from psilocybin vary, and are becoming more known as research and studies are opening the realm into these magical mushrooms.

As with any substance, the body can react differently within and for each individual. Based on known studies, there are somewhat common side effects of the body from consuming magic mushrooms containing psilocybin. Common side effects include: pupil dilation (93%); changes in heart rate (100%), including increases (56%), decreases (13%), and variable responses (31%); changes in blood pressure (84%), including hypotension (34%), hypertension (28%), and general instability (22%); changes in stretch reflex (86%), including increases (80%) and decreases (6%); nausea (44%); tremor (25%); and dysmetria (16%) (inability to properly direct or limit motions). The temporary increases in blood pressure caused by the drug can be a risk factor for users with pre-existing hypertension. These qualitative somatic effects caused by psilocybin have been corroborated by several early clinical studies. A 2005 magazine survey of club goers in the UK found that nausea or vomiting was experienced by over a quarter of those who had used psilocybin mushrooms in the last year. Although it’s important to note that this effect is caused by the actual mushroom rather than psilocybin itself.

In one study, administration of gradually increasing doses of psilocybin daily for 21 days had no measurable effect on electrolyte levels, blood sugar levels, or liver toxicity tests. Overall, the side effects of the body in an individual using psilocybin vary between each individual. Personal factors such as differences in chemistry, mental state, personality, immediate environment, and personal experience are examples. If the recreational user experiences issues with mental health or feels anxious about using psilocybin, they face a higher risk of having a bad experience. Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder (HPPD), sometimes mistakenly referred to as “flashbacks,” is a condition unique to psychedelics, involving perceptual changes lasting weeks or months following the use of a drug like psilocybin. Though exact prevalence is unknown, HPPD is considered relatively rare, with no physical changes or neurological damage associated as the cause.

Psilocybin To Treat Depression

Researchers find that the psychoactive compound in mushrooms may be helpful for patients with severe depression who did not respond to conventional therapy. Discussions are on-going about whether psychological specialists can use psilocybin and similar hallucinogens as a treatment for depression. For the second time in a year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has designated psilocybin therapy, which is currently being tested in clinical trials, as “breakthrough therapy”. An action that is meant to accelerate the typically sluggish process of drug development and review. It is typically requested by a drug company and granted only when preliminary evidence suggests the drug may be an enormous improvement over already available therapy, according to the FDA.

Last year, the FDA granted “breakthrough therapy” status to psilocybin therapy in the still-ongoing clinical trials run by the company Compass Pathways. The company has been looking into psilocybin’s potential to treat severe treatment-resistant depression, or depression in patients who have not improved after undergoing two different antidepressant treatments, according to New Atlas. Additionally, a team of researchers from the University of South Florida discovered that psilocybin can also bind itself to receptors that stimulate healing. Therefore, it’s believed psilocybin repairs and grows brain cells, which could prove beneficial to those who suffer from treatment-resistant depression. This severe form of depression is one that impairs those suffering at the highest level. Treatment-resistant depression is when depressive symptoms aren’t relieved by any tried therapies, including:

  • Various medications
  • Various talk therapies
  • Lifestyle changes
  • Alternative therapies

Two very recent studies have looked at psilocybin as a treatment. One study examined the ability of psilocybin to reduce depression symptoms without dulling emotions, and the other assessed the relationship between any positive therapeutic outcomes and the nature of psilocybin-induced hallucinations. The researchers used functional MRI to analyze the brain activity of these people both before and after treatment with psilocybin.

The second study was one where all patients had been diagnosed with “treatment-resistant,” or severe, depression. As part of the research, they received one 10-milligram dose of psilocybin, and another dose of 25 milligrams a week later. Participants were also asked to fill in a clinical questionnaire, wherein they reported their experience. All 19 patients showed significantly decreased depressive symptoms 1 week after the treatment. After 5 weeks, 12 of the 19 patients showed lasting benefits and were therefore deemed to be “responsive” to the treatment. These results were clearly interesting and exciting for researchers eager to learn more about magic mushrooms, or psilocybins, helpful benefits.

The whole-brain analyses performed by the researchers showed a decreased cerebral blood flow in the temporal cortex, including in the almond-shaped amygdala, or the brain’s so-called fear hub, which processes our “fight-or-flight” response. The decreased blood flow in the amygdala correlated with the decrease in depressive symptoms, and the researchers also found increased resting-state functional connectivity, or stability, in the brain’s “default mode network.” An increase in the integrity of this network has previously been found to be associated with depression, so observing this after treatment was deemed intriguing by the researchers.

The Legalities Of Obtaining, Growing, And Using Magic Mushrooms

Indeed, magic mushrooms are having a therapeutic moment. In North America, at least four organizations, each with unique strategies, are working to expand access to psilocybin for anyone with mental health issues, severe or not. These groups hope to undo decades of psilocybin prohibition by removing criminal penalties for possession or cultivation, or by providing access to psilocybin in a therapist’s offices, or both. Psilocybin has been in the news with increasing frequency, as research into psychedelic therapy has grown more and more popular in the scientific community and general public. Some cities and local jurisdictions in the United States, such as the cities of Oakland, Denver, and Santa Cruz have decriminalized psilocybin to varying degrees. Much like cannabis, public perception of certain psychedelics like psilocybin is shifting rapidly. Researchers, Scientists, and the public at large are starting to understand the incredible potential for therapeutic benefits of entheogenic plants.

Although, whether or not such psychedelic therapies will become federally legal is still far from reality. According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), psilocybin is a “chemical obtained from certain types of fresh or dried mushrooms.” The mushrooms containing psilocybin are also known as magic mushrooms, hallucinogenic mushrooms, or “shrooms”. In the United States, psilocybin is a Schedule I drug under an amendment to the Controlled Substances Act called the Psychotropic Substances Act. The legality of possessing, growing, consuming, or selling magic mushrooms greatly depends upon where you live. This means that it has a high potential for abuse, has no currently accepted medical use, and is not regarded safe for use. This includes even under a doctor’s supervision. Since psilocybin is a psychotropic substance found in magic mushrooms, this is usually interpreted to mean that the mushrooms themselves are illegal. However, since mushroom spores don’t contain psilocybin, some have pointed to this as an ambiguity in the federal law.

Usually busts related to magic mushrooms occur under state law (unless they’re in extremely large amounts) and most local jurisdictions in the United States ban possession of them. In recent years, though, cities and states have begun to reevaluate their stance on mushrooms. Contrary to popular belief, Denver would not be the first North American locale to decriminalize mushrooms. In 2005, a New Mexico Court of Appeals ruled that growing mushrooms for personal use doesn’t technically count as drug manufacture, so even sprouting psilocybin in your dorm room isn’t illegal. Louisiana also exempts the cultivation of psychoactive plants and fungi “strictly for aesthetic, landscaping, or decorative purposes.” .

States Take Legal Action Concerning Magic Mushrooms Into Their Own Hands

With those victories in hand, mushroom legalization activists are hard at work in other states. Legislators in the states of Oregon, California, and Iowa have introduced bills supporting mushroom decriminalization. The state attorney general recently approved OPS’s ballot title, so they now have until July 2020 to gather about 117,000 signatures. Then, during the next presidential election, Oregon voters will decide if this program is right for them. If voters approve the Oregon Psilocybin Service Initiative in 2020, the state would develop a licensed psilocybin therapist industry and lower criminal penalties for growing or consuming mushrooms.

In many national, state, and provincial drug laws, there is a great deal of ambiguity about the legal status of magic mushrooms, or ones containing psilocybin. There is a strong element of selective enforcement in some places, since psilocybin and psilocin are deemed illegal to possess without license as substances, but mushrooms themselves are not mentioned in these laws. The legal status of Psilocybe spores is even more ambiguous, as the spores contain neither psilocybin, nor psilocin. Hence, they are not illegal to sell or possess in many jurisdictions, though many jurisdictions will prosecute under broader laws prohibiting items that are used in drug manufacture. A few jurisdictions (such as the US states of California, Georgia and Idaho) have specifically prohibited the sale and possession of psilocybin mushroom spores. Cultivation of psilocybin mushrooms is considered drug manufacture in most jurisdictions and is often severely penalized. Although some countries and one US state (Florida) has ruled that growing psilocybin mushrooms does not qualify as “manufacturing” a controlled substance. Overall, it is very important as an individual or business to understand the legalities of psilocybin in the state of which you reside.

Psilocybin Legalities Around The World

Possession and selling of fresh mushrooms and spores (dried mushrooms are almost always illegal) is still legal in many places around the world. But laws from nation to nation are wildly inconsistent. For example, until 2005, it was legal to sell fresh magic mushrooms in Great Britain; spore possession is still legal. The Netherlands, once known as a hotbed for drugs illegal elsewhere, banned the sale of dried mushrooms in 2001 and fresh mushrooms in 2008. But, residents are still allowed to be in possession of small amounts of “magic truffles,” which refers to magic mushrooms that aren’t quite fully developed, thereby skirting the law. Our neighbor Mexico has banned mushrooms completely, unless they’re used for religious purposes.

The United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances (adopted in 1971) requires its members to prohibit psilocybin, and parties to the treaty are required to restrict use of the drug to medical and scientific research under strictly controlled conditions. However, the mushrooms containing the drug were not specifically included in the convention, due largely to pressure from the Mexican government. To reduce accidental deaths related to drug use, improve public health outcomes, care for vulnerable populations, and protect young people, it is important to prioritize education about potential risks, precautionary measures, and reducing harm instead of zero-tolerance policies and criminalization.

History About The Use Of Magic Mushrooms By Our Ancestors

Some historians believe that magic mushrooms may have been used as far back as 9000 B.C. in North African indigenous cultures, based on representations in rock paintings. The art in question shows masked figures holding mushroom-like objects. Other drawings show mushrooms positioned behind anthropomorphic figures, possibly a painted direction to the fact that magic mushrooms commonly grow in dung.

Central Americans were using psilocybin mushrooms before Europeans landed on the New World’s shores. Not surprising, for the fact that magic mushrooms grow well in subtropical and tropical environments. Statues and other representatives of what appear to be mushrooms that have been found in Mayan and Aztec ruins in Central America. The Aztecs used a substance called teonanácatl, which means “flesh of the gods,” that many believe were magic mushrooms. Along with peyote, morning glory seeds, and other naturally occurring psychotropics, the magic mushrooms were used to induce a trance, produce visions, and communicate with the gods. Effectively, the Spanish and Portugese settlers viewed the convulsions, visions, and babbling the mushrooms caused as the natives communing with the devil. The continent was rapidly converted to Christianity, and the so-called pagan ways were lost for many practitioners.

Similarly, rock paintings in Spain created about 6000 years ago suggest that the mushroom Psilocybe Hispanica was used during certain religious rituals near Villar del Humo. When Spanish Catholic missionary priests came to the New World in the 16th century, some of them wrote about the use of these psychedelic substances. In fact, It’s very possible that magic mushroom use by prehistoric cultures began even before that time. Mostly for the possibility that we have just not found the evidence to suggest so yet.

On the subject of myth, settle in for a not so innocent or normal tale of Christmas cheer. According to Sierra College anthropologist John Rush, magic mushrooms explain why kids wait for a flying elf to bring them presents on December 25th each year. Rush explains that Siberian Shamans used to bring gifts of hallucinogenic mushrooms to households each winter. While also keeping in mind that reindeer were the “spirit animals” of these Shamans. Perhaps suggesting that the ingestion of magic mushrooms might just convince a hallucinating tribe member that those animals could fly. Plus, Santa’s red-and-white suit looks suspiciously like the colors of the mushroom species Amanita Muscaria. Interestingly enough which grows, wait for it, under evergreen trees. Boom. Additionally noted, this species of magic mushroom is toxic to people, however it seems to be not so toxic for some wild animals. Siberian reindeer also have a taste for magic mushrooms, according to a 2009 BBC nature documentary. It’s unclear whether the reindeer feel the effects, but Siberian mystics would sometimes drink the urine from deer that had ingested mushrooms in order to get a hallucinogenic experience for religious rituals.

How Magic Mushrooms Made Their Way Into Western Society

It wasn’t till the late 1950s that the Western civilized world got introduced to psilocybin. R. Gordon Wasson and Roger Heim, with help from Albert Hofmann, managed to extract and identify the two hallucinogenic drugs (psilocybin and psilocin). Each found inside the magic mushrooms collected from the Mazatec tribe, which they collected while on an expedition in Mexico. In 1957, a piece with the title, “Seeking the Magic Mushroom” was published in Life magazine, where Wasson detailed his discovery of the mushroom and his findings. Once the drug gained popularity as a psychedelic substance, it became closely associated with the contemporary Hippie culture. Therefore leading the way where magic mushrooms were soon considered to be the gateway to spirituality.

Although dozens of species of psychedelic mushrooms are found in Europe, there is little documented usage of these species in Old World history besides the use of Amanita Muscaria among Siberian peoples. The few existing historical accounts about psilocybin mushrooms typically lack sufficient information to allow species identification, and usually refer to the nature of their effects. For example, Flemish botanist Carolus Clusius (1526–1609) described the Bolond Gomba (Crazy Mushroom), used in rural Hungary to prepare love potions. English botanist John Parkinson included details about a “foolish mushroom” in his 1640 herbal Theatricum Botanicum. The first reliably documented report of intoxication with Psilocybe Semilanceata, Europe’s most common and widespread magic mushroom. It involved a British family in 1799, who prepared a meal with mushrooms they had picked in London’s Green Park. Psilocybin use in Europe is less documented, as more research into the topic needs to be done.

In short, the idea that magic mushrooms have a long, holy history is highly controversial. Some believe that none of this evidence is definitive, and that people are seeing what they want to see in the ancient paintings, sculptures and manuscripts. But, there is confirmed use among several contemporary tribes of indigenous peoples in Central America, including the Mazatec, Mixtec, Nauhua and Zapatec. If we were to take a lesson from this history of mushroom use throughout the history of mankind, it would be the reality that magic mushrooms existed and were noticed. Magic mushrooms will most likely continue to be used in the future, well after current society finds its place in the history books.

Are Mushrooms Legal In California?

Making one of the first big moves toward the legalization of psilocybin is the state of California. Last November, proponents (Decriminalize California) submitted the California Psilocybin Decriminalization Initiative 2020. The California Psilocybin Decriminalization Initiative would legalize and regulate psilocybin mushrooms for medical and therapeutic use, and decriminalize them for personal, spiritual, religious, and dietary use. The Initiative would also decriminalize baeocystin and nor-baeocystin, two alkaloids related to psilocybin and psilocin, which occur naturally in psilocybin mushrooms.

The California Psilocybin Decriminalization Initiative

The California Psilocybin Decriminalization Initiative would help to create a legal framework in which sales of psilocybin mushrooms would be regulated by the California Department of Food and Agriculture and the California Department of Public Health. One in which seeks to “decriminalize psychedelic mushrooms in California by submitting a citizens initiative to be placed on the ballot for the November 3, 2020 election, to the Office of the Attorney General.” The California Psilocybin Mushroom Decriminalization Initiative(#17-0024) did not qualify to appear on the ballot in California as an initiated state statute on November 6, 2018. But, the measure would have decriminalized the use, possession, cultivation, sale, and transportation of psilocybin for persons 21 years of age or older. The Initiative would also enable adults to cultivate psilocybin mushrooms for personal use within their own home and on private property. Even allowing adults aged 18+ to give away mushrooms to other adults for free. Keeping in mind that individuals may not exchange psilocybin mushrooms for money, goods, or services, as such a transaction would constitute a ‘sale’. Individuals wishing to sell psilocybin mushrooms would need to be licensed to do so by the State of California.

The Initiative would have decriminalized psilocybin and psilocin in all its forms. Including all species of psilocybin mushrooms, their respective sclerotia (truffles), and extracts and derivatives thereof. Isolated/synthetic psilocybin and psilocin would also be decriminalized under the California Psilocybin Decriminalization Initiative. Furthermore, the Initiative would decriminalize spores capable of producing psilocybin and psilocin, as California is currently one of only three States in which psilocybin mushroom spores are illegal. California residents and magic mushroom supporters are clearly a reason why the movement toward the legalization of psilocybin therapies is gaining traction.

How Legalization Would Affect Sales Of Psilocybin In California

Psilocybin mushroom sales would not be restricted to ‘dispensaries’ and could theoretically be sold by any licensed business in California. However, on a practical level, some businesses might be unwilling to sell psilocybin mushrooms due to the fact that psilocybin would remain a Schedule 1 controlled substance under Federal law. But, if the California Psilocybin Mushroom Decriminalization Initiative were successful, the sales of psilocybin mushrooms would not be subject to an excise tax. In the case of State-legal adult-use cannabis sales in California, high excise tax rates have deterred consumers from purchasing cannabis legally, thereby diverting sales to the illegal market. The Initiative deliberately prohibits imposing an excise tax on psilocybin mushrooms, in order to incentivize consumers to purchase from regulated, licensed retailers.

Under the Initiative, psilocybin mushrooms would be regulated as a food, and therefore may be subject to local sales tax, depending on the form in which the mushrooms are sold. For example, whole psilocybin mushrooms would not be subject to sales tax, however, a dietary supplement containing psilocybin mushrooms would be subject to sales tax (as is the case with all dietary supplements). Psilocybin mushrooms intended for religious/spiritual or medical/therapeutic use would be exempt from sales tax. Although the tax of a good seems unimportant, for any small business owner the sales tax can determine whether a quality product can prove to be profitable under such strict regulation.

Does The Initiative Decriminalize Psilocybin At The Federal Level?

Unfortunately for those individuals who live in less open minded states concerning magic mushrooms and psilocybin, no. Psilocybin would continue to remain a controlled substance under Federal law. Therefore, meaning that Federal agencies can continue to enforce laws prohibiting the possession, manufacture, distribution, etc. of psilocybin in all states. Even those who have taken actions in legalizing their use in their own state or region. Over the past few decades, despite multiple states passing laws which decriminalize and legalize cannabis, there remains no substantial change to Federal law. Similarly, it is unlikely that this initiative will result in any changes to Federal law pertaining to psilocybin in the immediate future.

Are Mushrooms Legal In Colorado?

Denver may be the first city in the country to decriminalize shrooms, but Colorado as a whole has a right-to-try law. This law allows terminally ill patients to try experimental drugs, including LSD or psilocybin, without getting permission from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to do so. As a result, a small number of people all around Colorado can legally use psilocybin as part of their palliative care. But, in May 2019, Denver Colorado, became the first US city to decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms after an ordinance was admitted to the ballot and voted on. This Initiated Ordinance 301 is known as the Psilocybin Mushroom Initiative. The initiative passed with 50.64 percent voting “yes,” and 49.36 percent voting “no,” on a public ballot. Decriminalizing does not mean however that it is now legal to possess shrooms in Denver, have paraphernalia to use them, manufacture them, or to sell them.

Rather, decriminalization would mean:

  • To deprioritize, to the greatest extent possible, the imposition of criminal penalties on people who are 21 or older for personal use or possession of psilocybin mushrooms.
  • To prohibit the City Council of Denver from spending resources to impose criminal penalties on people who are 21 or older for personal use or possession.

If someone younger than 21 years old possesses mushrooms, they may still suffer serious legal consequences. No one can grow, process, possess with intent to sell, or traffic psilocybin mushrooms without facing serious legal consequences. Arguments against the initiative expressed concern for Colorado’s larger role in making dangerous drugs look safe by legalizing or decriminalizing them. This concern is compounded by the lack of scientific understanding of the potentially addictive properties of mushrooms or what long-term effects from regular use might look like.

Under Colorado law, the unauthorized use of a controlled substance, including psilocybin mushrooms, is a level 2 drug misdemeanor. Under CRS 18-18-404, before March 1, 2020, the penalties for the use of psilocybin mushrooms include a fine of up to $750 and up to 12 months in jail. However, if it is your first drug offense, you may be eligible for a pretrial diversion program to have your charges dismissed if you successfully complete a drug education and treatment program. Starting March 1, 2020, the punishment could be probation of up to 1 year, possibly 120 days in jail, and up to $500 in fines. But for a 3rd or subsequent offense, there could be up to 180 days in jail.

Whether Colorado or any other state decides to legalize psilocybin for medical or recreational purposes, the first step in Denver can allow some insight into how the general public will use magic mushrooms when they are not so illicit. Psilocybin abuse is not a widespread drug problem, compared to abuse of alcohol, marijuana, opioids, or cocaine, but thousands of people still use this substance for nonmedical reasons, which may be dangerous. Hence the reason why more research and studies are needed in magic mushrooms safety, and the use of psilocybin specifically.

Can A Person Grown Their Own Magic Mushrooms At Home?

One way to ensure access is for individuals to become psychedelically self-sufficient by growing psilocybin mushrooms at home. The man who did the most to bring magic mushrooms to mainstream U.S. drug culture was a writer and ethnobotanist named Terence McKenna. He had been experimenting with psychedelics since his teen years, but it wasn’t until a trip to the Amazon in 1971 that he discovered psilocybin mushrooms — fields of them, according to a 2000 profile in Wired magazine. In 1976, McKenna and his brother published “Psilocybin: Magic Mushroom Grower’s Guide,” a manual for cultivating psilocybin mushrooms at home. “What is described is only slightly more complicated than canning or making jelly,” McKenna wrote in the foreword to the book.

The increasing availability of information on growing techniques makes it possible for amateurs to grow magic mushrooms (Psilocybe Cubensis) without access to laboratory equipment. Along with states that embrace legalization of psilocybin, magic mushroom cultivation and use is on the rise. Countries and states that remove restrictions would most likely allow the growing and cultivation of magic mushrooms by individuals. But, keep in mind with some restrictions or limitations in being able to do so. One such example is again, the California Psilocybin Decriminalization Initiative. This Initiative, proposed by California residents and mushroom advocates, would enable adults to cultivate psilocybin mushrooms for personal use within their own home and on private property. Although, individuals may not exchange psilocybin mushrooms for money, goods, or services, as such a transaction would constitute a ‘sale’. Individuals wishing to sell psilocybin mushrooms would need to be licensed to do so by the State of California.

Although the prospect of home cultivation may sound daunting, with a little knowledge the process is fairly simple. Here, we’ll make some cases as to why growing your own can save both money and hassle; we’ll also explore the less tangible benefits of personal empowerment and the potential to build community. While under federal law, such activity is currently illegal, with Denver, Oakland and Santa Cruz all having decriminalized psilocybin mushrooms, the possibility of legal home cultivation for personal use may be just over the horizon.

The Cost That Comes With Growing Your Own Magic Mushrooms

Magic mushrooms are one of the most widely used recreational psychotropic drugs because they can be found in the wild or grown fairly easily and inexpensively. If you’re buying magic mushrooms In the US, the cost is about $35 per eighth of an ounce (or $10 per gram). In Canada, where the first magic mushroom dispensaries are opening (though still not technically legal yet), those suffering from conditions such as depression, anxiety and cluster headaches can register to receive encapsulated microdoses of magic mushrooms at an even higher price per gram than those buying illicitly in the US.

By contrast, for $15-$20 you can purchase magic mushroom spores (the mycological equivalent to cannabis seeds) and with the right know-how and a few easily sourced (or, indeed, home-built) pieces of equipment, you could potentially produce well over 100 times the amount of mushrooms you could buy for the same price. Of course, there are additional set-up costs (both in terms of money and time), as well as a level of risk, but some underground growers have reduced these drawbacks by spreading them between a group of like-minded and trusted individuals, effectively setting up self-sufficient magic mushroom collectives.

Magic mushrooms are one of the easiest things to grow in the world – they need a few specific parameters and a bit of patience. The kits that we sell come with a perlite and vermiculite substrate which has had mycelium added to it, which is where the shrooms come from. It’s super easy to activate and begin growing your shrooms; keep reading for a full guide on how to do it properly.

Each mushroom strain has a set of different properties as they’re from different parts of the world. Some are much easier to grow than others, some are much more potent and other produce larger yields than others. They also grow in various different shapes which you’ll notice once they open up. The following photo is of two different strains (Panamerican and B+), which were set to propagate on the exact same day. The Panamerican shrooms has hardly produced any mycelium but larger mushrooms much faster, whereas the B+ has created a layer of mycelium over the entire surface and is beginning to fill up with small mushrooms.

4 Key Factors when growing Magic Mushrooms:

  • Lighting: One of the most important factors when growing magic mushrooms is the amount of light that they receive and the quality of that light – they should never be given direct light. propagator.
  • Humidity: Humidity is essential, as it’s what activates the mycelium which is where the shrooms sprout from. In order to provide the right amount of humidity, you’ll need to use a small greenhouse
  • Temperature: Temperature is another incredibly important parameter; mushrooms generally thrive between 21 and 24°C, so if you want to produce as many shrooms as possible we recommend keeping the propagator right in the middle.
  • Hygiene: Hygiene and a clean environment is paramount to growing magic mushrooms. They’re quite sensitive, and they need a clean and sterilized environment – never ever touch them with your hands.

Give your magic mushroom kits the right lighting, humidity, temperature and clean environment and they’ll produce plenty of psychedelic heads. FungusHead has everything you need to grow your very own magic mushrooms, from the kits themselves to products such as heated mats and thermo-hygrometers, as well as full mycological study kits.

Magic Mushroom Cultivation

After anywhere between 7 and 14 days you should start seeing the first few mushrooms appear. From then onwards they’ll start popping up all over – if you check on them a few times a day you’ll probably notice them getting larger, growing a few centimeters a day. They might be ready after around 3-4 days, and after harvesting you’ll need to let them dry for a few more days before being able to study them.

When removing the mushrooms, simply put on some gloves and pinch them between your fingers, twisting slightly – they should pop out straight away. They’re quite sensitive, and wherever you touch them they’ll begin to turn a dark color for a couple of hours. This is normal, don’t worry about contamination or rot.

Once you remove all of the mushrooms, don’t throw away the container – mycelium can stay active for a while longer, depending on the conditions given. You may have a whole new crop of mushrooms after just a couple of days. If you’ve provided absolutely perfect conditions, you may even get three or four decent goes out of just one container.