CategoriesPsilocybin Mushrooms

How To Buy Legal Psilocybin Mushroom Spores

Psilocybin mushrooms are a hot topic lately, and more people than ever before have become aware of their potential benefits from a medical and psychological standpoint. But is it legal, let alone possible now to grow them for yourself whether for personal or experimental purposes? In learning how to buy legal psilocybin mushroom spores, it’s first important to understand what they are and why they are different from spores from other mushroom species. Did you know archaeological evidence suggests that humans have been using psychedelic mushrooms, those containing psilocybin, for more than 7,000 years!? There is still much debate, however, of their importance in our history due to a lack of evidence. In fact, we are still finding mushroom artifacts and discoveries today to help better understand our history with them. Magic mushrooms are among the oldest recreational drugs that human beings have ever used, and what is even more amazing is that they are still actively used today. Since psilocybin can induce a transcendent state, it seems entirely possible that plant-based medicine is one of our deepest connections to our past. Hence why the much deserved focus has come back to our culture in finding more natural ways and possibilities of healing the body and mind with mushrooms.

Why Are Mushrooms Containing Psilocybin Different?

Before diving into if psilocybin mushroom spores are legal to buy, let’s explore why certain mushroom spores would be illegal in the first place. Magic mushrooms are those that contain the psychoactive element psilocybin, making them a bit different than their relatives you find at the farmers market. Most edible mushrooms look generally the same, with a capped stalk fruiting body of different variations. However psychedelic species typically have a blue-staining reaction when the mushroom body itself is bruised. Macroscopically, they are characterized by their small to occasionally medium size, brown to yellow- to golden brown varied coloration, with spore prints that range in color from rusty-brown, to lilac-brown, to dark purple-brown. Psilocybin mushrooms can be found growing on various kinds of decaying organic matter, most often known in fields with prevalent feces. But, contrary to popular belief only a few, such as P. cubensis and P. subcubensis, have been found to grow directly on manure. In the wild, people commonly mistake magic mushrooms containing psilocybin for any number of other mushrooms that are poisonous. Hence the importance of becoming knowledgeable about mushrooms, as well as being able to properly identify them.

What drastically separates psilocybin mushroom spores from other species of mushroom spores is the effects that come with consuming their fruit bodies. Psilocybin is a hallucinogenic substance people ingest, or the main ingredient found in several types of magic mushrooms, making it perhaps the best-known naturally-occurring psychedelic drug. Mushrooms offer a plethora of medicinal benefits for the body when consumed, hence the recent trend of mushroom infused coffees and creamers for example. But for those who have ingested a dose of Psilocybe Cubensis mushrooms, they get more than let’s say a Chaga or Lion’s Mane brain boost. Psilocybin is a hallucinogen that works by activating serotonin receptors, most often in the prefrontal cortex. This particular part of the brain affects mood, cognition, and perception for people. This psychedelic component found naturally only in magic mushrooms has been observed and reported as changing the user’s world completely.

What Are Psilocybin Mushroom Spores?

As with all of Mother Nature’s creatures and living organisms, reproduction is at the fore-front. Like other fungi, mushrooms reproduce via spores, which travel by breeze to find a new place to grow. Mushrooms most often live in sheltered areas on forested floors, however, where the wind doesn’t blow. To solve the problem of spreading their spores, some magic mushrooms (including the hallucinogenic Amanita Muscaria) create their own wind geniusly. In order to do this, the fungi increase the rate that water evaporates off of their surfaces, placing water vapor in the air immediately around them. This water vapor, along with the cool air created by evaporation, works to lift spores. Together, these two forces can lift the spores up to 4 inches (10 centimeters) above the mushroom, according to a presentation at the 2013 meeting of the American Physical Society’s Division of Fluid Dynamics. How very impressive to say the least, for an organism that is most often bound to the ground! With human intervention, spores are easily captured by placing the mushrooms spore filled cap above a flat surface and waiting. The spores naturally release and are left upon the surface.

Although microscopic in size, learning how to print psilocybin mushroom spores gives someone the blueprint for all mushroom growth. Or in other words, the spore of a mushroom contains all of the necessary materials to form a brand new fungus. A mature mushroom is said to contain up to 16 billion spores, giving Mother Nature and cultivators plenty of opportunities to propagate more. In Mother Nature, when the spores of a mushroom are released they often travel a certain distance before they land. The single cell then sends out hyphae (each of the branching filaments that make up the mycelium of a fungus) to help establish and gather food for the actual mushroom. After the spore has sent out its hyphae, they will eventually meet up with the hyphae of another mushroom. After the sexual process of reproduction has begun, the mushroom forms the structures of a “fruiting body” that will eventually produce and disperse spores. Not only are psilocybin mushroom spores beautiful when captured, but fascinating as well. Hence the reason for the growing interest in learning how to buy legal psilocybin mushroom spores, as well as print them successfully.

The Fun And Beauty Of Printing Your Own Mushroom Spores

For many people printing mushroom spores is a very fun and simple process for most species, with some species being more difficult than others, such as Penis Envy. Wild mushroom spore prints have been made on the go for years, easily by sealing them up and pressing them home later, if you’re mid-mushroom-hunt. In regards to collecting your own legal psilocybin mushroom spores, all you need is a mushroom, paper, and glass or bowl. Most psilocybin mushrooms are gilled making the pressing process even easier. Carefully remove the stem from the mushroom and gently remove any skirt that may be present protecting the gills in the mushroom head. For the spore print all you need is the top of the mushroom with the gills exposed on the underside. Place the mushroom with the gills face down onto the paper and put a glass or bowl over the top. Protecting your legal psilocybin mushroom specimen by covering it at this point with a glass, dish, or something similar is an important step. Doing so will reduce evaporation and airflow, ensuring a precise and hopefully less contaminated legal psilocybin mushroom spores print. For the next 24 hours leave the mushroom under the glass untouched. Magically, in just 6 to 12 hours the millions of legal psilocybin mushroom spores will be released onto the paper or glass, which replicates the gill pattern from the mushroom. Remove the glass and gently lift the mushroom to reveal the microscopic magic! This beautiful display is the spore print which can then be used for art, scientific research, or even cultivation if legal where you reside. Remember to keep the legal psilocybin mushroom spores print within a bag in a cool, dry, dark place until you are ready to use them.

Is It Possible To Buy Legal Psilocybin Mushroom Spores In The United States?

In many national, state, and provincial drug laws, there is a great deal of ambiguity about the legal status of psilocybin mushrooms. There is also a strong element of selective enforcement in some places being that psilocybin and psilocin are deemed illegal to possess without license as substances. Like cannabis years ago, the recreational use of magic mushrooms is still considered illegal in North America, or at least the United States. Although categorized as a Schedule I controlled substance, mushroom activists and enthusiasts are pushing for decriminalization in the United States. Or at least to make it no longer a punishable offense for adults aged 21 and older to possess psilocybin mushrooms for personal use. Decriminalization is different from legalization however. And in this case if someone is caught selling, distributing, or possibly cultivating them, they could still face criminal charges. Laws are ever changing though, and Oregon is one state that proves in more recent news. On 3 November 2020, voters passed a ballot initiative in Oregon that made “magic mushrooms” legal for mental health treatment in supervised settings from 1 February 2021. A clear win for mushroom activists and enthusiasts mentioned above, that push for decriminalization in the United States.

Whether legal psilocybin mushroom spores exist or not depends mostly on where you live, even though technically the spores are in most states. Scientifically, the spores contain neither psilocybin or psilocin, and hence are not illegal to sell or possess in many jurisdictions. This loophole does not mean, however, that jurisdictions will not prosecute under broader laws prohibiting items that are used in drug manufacture. A few jurisdictions (such as the US states of California, Georgia and Idaho) have specifically prohibited the sale and possession of psilocybin mushroom spores. Cultivation of psilocybin mushrooms is considered drug manufacture in most jurisdictions and is often severely penalized, though some countries and one US state (New Mexico) has ruled that growing psilocybin mushrooms does not qualify as “manufacturing” a controlled substance. In short, when learning how to buy legal psilocybin mushroom spores it’s best to know the laws and regulations of the area in which you live. Best to stay on the safe and legal side of things.

How To Buy Legal Psilocybin Mushroom Spores From A Trusted Source

Where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores is not the easiest place to find, but in today’s world it is in fact more accessible than in the past. In the search for how to buy legal psilocybin mushroom spores from a trusted source, verification and research is everything. The easiest way to order spores is online, however, there is a risk you take with buying anything online in today’s world. When buying online, make sure to look for the fundamental services any potential retailer should provide. Such services should include: popular species of psilocybin mushroom spores (such as Golden Teacher and Penis Envy for example), discreet and professional shipping options with order tracking and reliable delivery, informative staff members, and of course excellent customer service available at any time. Checking customer reviews and forums are other great paths that can lead to how to buy legal psilocybin mushroom spores. When looking to buy legal psilocybin mushroom spores from any source, choose those offering premium options with great reviews. This can save a buyer time, money, energy, and give them peace of mind they are purchasing in a legal manner.

Once a person has decided where and how to buy legal psilocybin spores, choosing which form is best for your needs is next. Psilocybin mushroom spores are typically sold as a spore print or in a spore syringe, which are spores suspended in a sterile aqueous solution. Only a reliable and reputable source for psilocybin mushroom spores will ensure you receive a quality product in a professional way that ensures you come back time and time again. Be advised though, that psilocybin mushroom spores retailers will deny the sale if they suspect they will be intended for cultivation purposes without the proper licensing. When given the right lighting, humidity, temperature, and clean environment- psilocybin mushroom spores will produce plenty of psychedelic heads. FungusHead for example, is a trusted source and provider of everything psilocybin and has everything you need to grow your very own magic mushrooms. From the kits themselves, to products such as heated mats and thermo-hygrometers, as well as full mycological study kits including psilocybin mushroom spores. FungusHead has the high quality produced and captured psilocybin mushroom spores for your scientific needs.

Penis Envy Mushrooms FactsCategoriesPsilocybin Psilocybin Mushrooms

Penis Envy Mushrooms, Where To Find Them?

There is no question about it, magic mushrooms or those that contain the psychedelic element of psilocybin, are a hot topic in today’s world. With some states leading the way such as Oregon and Colorado in their legalization for medicinal use, psilocybin mushrooms are making big leaps into our culture. Psilocybin varieties, such as Penis Envy Mushrooms, are sought after for their psychedelic effects which in some studies have shown to be successful in the treatment of severe depression. Hallucinogenic effects are a common characteristic amongst all magic mushrooms, an organic LSD experience as some refer to. These unique effects are still being researched to this day, and there are a growing number of followers eager for their results. For those individuals wanting to find quality products though, the search for where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms still remains somewhat daunting. With most states in the US, and other countries in general having them illegal to buy or have in possession, it can seem like no easy task in finding psilocybin mushrooms. In fact, the Penis Envy variety are still a bit of a mystery, and true specimens and spores are harder to find than other types of magic mushrooms.

But, with their popularity on the rise, and knowledge at hand, it is entirely possible to acquire these magical little wonders.

What’s So Special About Penis Envy Mushrooms

This may come as no surprise, but yes, these mushrooms get their name from the fact that they do indeed look like the male reproductive organ. Characterized by their strange appearance, with a dense, bulbous, and wrinkly stipe, these mushrooms often are on the larger size of the spectrum. Their bulbous cap may or may not open up and separate from the usually very thick stem. Their colors range typical of other psilocybin species, from a light tan to darker brown, with variations amongst varieties. Unlike what some people claim or believe, the spores of the Penis Envy Mushroom do in fact look the same as the cubensis strain. As with all mushrooms, spore size, color, and shape are and look the same. Even under a microscope an observer may not be able to see any differences between. But what sets the Penis Envy Mushroom apart from others is they do not open up their cap in the same way for spore release. Therefore spore collection is far more difficult than their P. Cubensis cousins. 

However as far as their origin, there is no clear evidence on where this mushroom comes from besides theories of being a mutant. No one truly knows where this mushroom came to be, with only theories of their beginnings from famous mycologists like Terence McKenna and Steven Pollock. No specific proof has been found with their discovery, but it is believed by some that  the specimens known today derived from a created unique mutation from the Amazonian Cubensis species McKenna carried in his store. And this is important to understand as there are still no confirmed facts, and unfortunately mislabeled findings. With the confusion and variation some people may identify other specimens as Penis Envy Mushrooms, when they in fact are not true ones. In a recent revelation, the Penis Envy Mushroom is the result of a recessive genetic mutation. Meaning the mushroom must exhibit two mutated copies, or it will not exhibit the properties of the original mushroom. This was discovered when labs found that the Penis Envy Mushrooms can revert to looking like a cubensis mushroom. Other misidentified mushrooms may look like the Penis Envy variety, but in actuality are not. They probably only have one mutated copy, which means visually, it will not look like it should.

Known Effects That Can Derive From Penis Envy Mushroom Use

All mushrooms containing psilocybin, for example Penis Envy Mushrooms, give consumers known effects similar to those of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD). These effects can and do include an altered perception of time, space, surroundings. An immense change in mood and/or feelings has also been reported to be felt after consumption/use. As for psilocybin in general, possible effects include: Euphoria, Paranoia, Peacefulness, Spiritual Awakening, Confusion, and Quickly Changing Emotions. Derealization is also common for mushroom effects, which is the feeling that an individual’s surroundings are not real. Distorted Thinking, Visual Alteration, Distortions, Frightening Hallucinations, and Depersonalization are also some mushroom effects known. One key factor to understand about Penis Envy Mushroom is that the strain used to cultivate them is known to be a powerful one. Also, they grow very slowly, much slower than the normal P. Cubensis mushrooms which affects their potency. Because of their slow growth, it takes a longer period of time to produce the psilocybin that gives it the hallucinogenic properties. Therefore, as a result Penis Envy Mushrooms will contain more psilocybin in every gram as compared to their P. Cubensis counterpart. No matter which variety a consumer chooses, psilocybin mushrooms contain a slight amount of poison and are highly variable. They can cause unpredictable effects, depending on how consumed, how much consumed, and who takes them. Staying informed of their effects is equally important and can set the tone for an experience. 

On the other side of the coin, psychological distress is most often the reported negative effects after recreational use of mushrooms that contain psilocybin, such as Penis Envy Mushrooms. This distress can take the form of extreme anxiety or short-term psychosis, depending on the individual’s experience. The environment factor in which an individual or group experiences taking Penis Envy Mushrooms, or other magic mushrooms, is important as well. Those who partake in consuming psilocybin in a calm and supportive environment tend to have a more positive transforming experience. Again, wisely looking where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms is important in ensuring a premium product is found before use and/or consumption. 

Why The Difficulty In Where To Find Penis Envy Mushrooms?

One of the biggest reasons for misidentification, and the difficulty in where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms is spore accumulation. This particular type of mushroom does not release spores in a normal way, thus making it hard to collect spores. The reason this strain of cubensis mushroom spores is so difficult to find is because less than five percent of the mushrooms drop spores. However, it is an aggressive fruiter, producing some monsters in later flushes as reported. In any case, there are still places you can find magic mushrooms sold as dried pieces that you eat in food, mix in with drinks, or in a few instances, eat them fresh. Again though, be aware that psilocybin mushrooms are considered a Schedule I drug in the United States, and they are not legal. (With the exception of Oregon as of January 2021.)

Great Resources In Finding Out More About 27

Joining fungi community groups in your city and online are also great resources in learning where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms. Like minded individuals tend to share reliable information as to where to locate them responsibly. Most often fungi groups share a common love for their magical friends and are enthusiastic when it comes to learning and sharing information about them. Each person on this earth holds vast information and knowledge that they themselves have acquired through personal experience and the meeting of others along their path in life. The only way this knowledge is shared is through the human experience and each other, hence why community groups online and offline remain popular amongst the people. This resource of information tends to be the most current as well, as communication is more direct and first-hand. Also, If you hunt wild mushrooms, make sure you are an expert at identifying them. Severe pain and even death is a result for those that have identified toxic mushrooms incorrectly on top of being unsure where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms and other psilocybin mushrooms. 

Taking the time to find a reliable online resource is a great step in your search for where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms, or any mushrooms for that matter. This can be done by looking into reviews, validity of a website, and online forums that share their experience with reputable companies. Using a reliable and reputable retailer for Penis Envy Mushrooms is also a quite beneficial and valuable resource. One such retailer is Fungus Head, a trusted source and provider of everything psilocybin and has everything you need to grow your very own. Not only do mushroom retailers take pride in providing information about Penis Envy Mushrooms to interested individuals, but provide the supplies needed for any mushroom experimentation. Keep in mind though, psilocybin mushroom spores retailers will deny the sale if they suspect they will be intended for cultivation purposes without the proper licensing. On a federal level, and in most of the United States and world for that matter, cultivation of psilocybin mushrooms is still illegal. Informed and reputable retailers operate their businesses in accordance with the laws, they would not exist without taking necessary precautions.

Are Penis Envy Mushroom Spores Legal To Buy?

For the most part, psilocybin mushroom spores are legal to own and possess in the United States. However, most states have made laws that criminalize the actual possession, transportation, germination, cultivation, and distribution of all mushrooms that contain psilocybin. But again, most states do not have laws against having magic mushroom spores in one’s possession. The only exceptions to those are the states of Georgia, Idaho, and California which have their own unique laws regarding psilocybin mushroom spores. Specifically, Georgia and Idaho have banned the importation of psilocybin spores into those states, by their residents. While California has banned the importation of psilocybin spores into the state, only if the buyer has an intent to germinate or manufacture the psilocybin mushroom spores. California’s legal stance in regard to psilocybin mushroom spores:

“Except as otherwise authorized by law, every person who, with intent to produce a controlled substance specified in paragraph (18) or (19) of subdivision (d) of Section 11054, cultivates any spores or mycelium capable of producing mushrooms or other material which contains such a controlled substance shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more than one year or in the state prison.”

One very exciting prospect and look into the future is the recent legalization of psilocybin in the state of Oregon, official in January 2021. With more and more growing interest in magic mushrooms (or those that contain the psychedelic psilocybin) and their use in mental health and medicine, who knows what the future holds! 

Where To Find Authentic Penis Envy Mushrooms

Where to buy Penis Envy Mushrooms is not the easiest place to find, but in today’s world it is in fact more accessible than in the past. When searching online for where to find authentic Penis Envy Mushrooms, make sure to look for some key services the retailer can provide. Such services should include: knowledgeable staff members, discreet and professional shipping options with order tracking and reliable delivery, and of course excellent customer service available at any time. Knowledgeable staff members should be well aware of their city, state, and country laws/regulations concerning psilocybin mushrooms. Clear communication and excellent customer service from an online provider should also be apparent once contacted. After those key services are confirmed, narrowing down a potential Penis Envy Mushroom retailer to one that has a quality and easy to navigate website and positive reviews is a gread indication that an individual has found where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms safely. Providers and retailers that offer premium options can end up saving an interested consumer time, money, and energy in their search. Only a reliable and reputable source for magic mushrooms will ensure you receive customer satisfaction in a professional way that ensures you come back time and time again.

Checking customer reviews and forums are other great ways in locating a reputable source in your search for where to find Penis Envy Mushrooms. Again though, be advised that psilocybin mushroom spores retailers will deny the sale if they suspect they will be intended for cultivation purposes without the proper licensing. Stay safe, stay knowledgeable, and enjoy your search for the magic that is Penis Envy Mushrooms! Check out more at our website, Fungushead for more information

CategoriesPsilocybin Mushrooms

Understanding Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Legality

What Are Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Exactly?

Before digging deeper into understanding psilocybin mushroom spores and their legality, let’s take a moment to understand what psilocybin mushroom spores actually are. Although microscopic in size, psilocybin mushroom spores are the blueprint for all mushroom growth or fruiting bodies. Or in simpler terms, the spore of any mushroom contains all of the necessary materials to form a brand new fungus. A mature mushroom is said to contain up to 16 billion spores, giving Mother Nature and cultivators plenty of opportunities to propagate more. In Mother Nature, when the spores of a mushroom are released they often travel a certain distance before they land. The single cell then sends out hyphae (each of the branching filaments that make up the mycelium of a fungus) to help establish and gather food for the actual mushroom. After the spore has sent out its hyphae, they will eventually meet up with the hyphae of another mushroom. After the sexual process of reproduction has begun, the mushroom forms the structures of a “fruiting body” that will eventually produce and disperse spores.

Spore prints are the most common form of psilocybin mushroom spores that can be found for purchase and use. A spore print is the powdery deposit obtained by allowing spores of a fungal fruit body to fall onto a surface underneath. It is an important diagnostic character in most handbooks for identifying mushrooms. It shows the color of the mushroom spores if viewed en masse. Not only are psilocybin mushroom spores beautiful when captured, but fascinating as well. Spore prints offer much more diversity of characteristics to the home mushroom grower than just making a phenotypic clone. In fact, it is very similar to the difference between growing a plant from seed, or from grafting. Hidden under the cap of a mushroom reside from hundreds of thousands to millions of spores that can all lead to the growth of new mushrooms. Not only is this something the mind can barely comprehend, but also capture in full. Hence the desire to replicate in physical form, making exquisite pieces of art that are also useful for scientific purposes.

What Cultivators Can Do With Psilocybin Mushroom Spores

There are many reasons as to why cultivators seek to obtain spores, which is important in understanding psilocybin mushroom spores legality. Why people print psilocybin mushroom spores can range from personal use, medicinal use, artistic ventures, to scientific research purposes. Mushroom spore prints are not just for those who plan on cultivating future mushrooms for their own enjoyment. Spore prints are used for three main purposes – mushroom cultivation, mushroom identification, and beautiful art. Ranging in size, shape, and color, psilocybin mushroom spores can produce spectacular art pieces as they are each uniquely different. From a scientific standpoint, making spore prints is like seed saving for mushrooms. Prints help with mushroom identification because different mushrooms have different coloured spores, and this is an easy way to figure out spore colour. Psilocybin mushroom spores and their prints offer a great way to capture new genetics, and can be legally bought and sold in most states when used for research or art purposes only. It’s wise to keep in mind the actual possession, transportation, germination, cultivation, and distribution of all mushrooms that contain psilocybin is illegal on a federal level. Although most states do not have laws against selling or possessing psilocybin mushroom spores, know the laws of the area in which you live. The only exceptions to those are the states of Georgia, Idaho, and California which have their own unique laws regarding psilocybin mushroom spores. Specifically, Georgia and Idaho have banned the importation of psilocybin spores into those states, by their residents. California has banned the importation of psilocybin spores into the state, only if the buyer has an intent to germinate or manufacture the psilocybin mushroom spores.

Understanding Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Legality Around The World

Possession and selling of psilocybin mushroom spores is still legal in many places around the world, as they are sold for scientific research purposes. But laws from nation to nation are wildly inconsistent, especially when it comes to fresh or dried psilocybin mushroom fruit bodies themselves. In Great Britain for example, possession of both psilocybin mushroom spores and fresh magic mushrooms was legal until 2005, upon which selling fresh specimens became illegal. The Netherlands, once known as a hotbed for drugs illegal elsewhere, banned the sale of dried mushrooms in 2001 and fresh mushrooms in 2008. But, residents are still allowed to be in possession of small amounts of “magic truffles,” which refers to magic mushrooms that aren’t quite fully developed, thereby skirting the law. Each nation, country, and/or state seemingly decides on the laws and legality of psilocybin mushrooms and their spores.

Our neighbor Mexico has banned mushrooms completely, unless they’re used for religious purposes. Seriously enough, The United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances (adopted in 1971) requires its members to prohibit psilocybin, and parties to the treaty are required to restrict use of the drug to medical and scientific research under strictly controlled conditions. However, the mushrooms containing the drug were not specifically included in the convention, due largely to pressure from the Mexican government. To reduce accidental deaths related to drug use, improve public health outcomes, care for vulnerable populations, and protect young people, it is important to prioritize education about potential risks, precautionary measures, and reducing harm instead of zero-tolerance policies and criminalization. However for most of the globe, spores seem to bypass criminalization so long as they are used for scientific purposes.

The Legalities Of Obtaining Psilocybin Mushroom Spores For Cultivation

Indeed, psilocybin mushrooms are having a therapeutic moment as their knowledge of use in the medical world is expanding in popularity. Psilocybin has been in the news with increasing frequency, as research into psychedelic therapy has grown more and more popular in the scientific community and general public. In North America, at least four organizations, each with unique strategies, are working to expand access to psilocybin for anyone with mental health issues, severe or not. These groups hope to undo decades of psilocybin prohibition by removing criminal penalties for possession or cultivation, or by providing access to psilocybin in a therapist’s offices, or both. As most of us have been forced to stay at home, cultivating medicinal options is becoming even more popular as it has proven to save a consumer some considerable amount of money. Even more reason for understanding psilocybin mushroom spores legality.

It is important to keep in mind however that whether or not the use of psilocybin mushrooms legally on a federal level is still far from becoming clear. According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), psilocybin is a “chemical obtained from certain types of fresh or dried mushrooms.” The mushrooms containing psilocybin are also known as magic mushrooms, hallucinogenic mushrooms, or “shrooms”. In the United States, psilocybin is a Schedule I drug under an amendment to the Controlled Substances Act called the Psychotropic Substances Act. The legality of possessing, growing, consuming, or selling magic mushrooms greatly depends upon where you live. This means that it has a high potential for abuse, has no currently accepted medical use, and is not regarded safe for use. This includes even under a doctor’s supervision. Since psilocybin is a psychotropic substance found in magic mushrooms, this is usually interpreted to mean that the mushrooms themselves are illegal. However, since psilocybin mushroom spores do not actually contain psilocybin, they therefore are considered legal to sell and obtain, for scientific research purposes of course. Although there are some who have pointed to this as an ambiguity in the federal law.

States Take Legal Action Concerning Psilocybin Mushroom Legality

In recent years cities and states have begun to reevaluate their stance on psilocybin mushroom spores and fruit bodies. Some cities and local jurisdictions in the United States, such as the cities of Oakland, Denver, and Santa Cruz have decriminalized psilocybin to varying degrees.

Contrary to popular belief, Denver would not be the first North American locale to decriminalize mushrooms. In 2005, a New Mexico Court of Appeals ruled that growing mushrooms for personal use doesn’t technically count as drug manufacture, so even sprouting psilocybin in your dorm room isn’t illegal. Oregon has also taken the lead recently this year by legalizing the use of psilocybin by residents. Voters approved the Oregon Psilocybin Service Initiative in 2020, legalizing the state to develop a licensed psilocybin therapist industry and lower criminal penalties for growing or consuming mushrooms. Louisiana also exempts the cultivation of psychoactive plants and fungi “strictly for aesthetic, landscaping, or decorative purposes.” Much like cannabis, public perception of certain psychedelics like psilocybin is shifting rapidly as more and more knowledge about them is shared. Researchers, Scientists, and the public at large are starting to understand the incredible potential for therapeutic benefits of obtaining psilocybin mushroom spores for cultivation and medical use. With those victories in hand, mushroom legalization activists are hard at work in other states concerning psilocybin mushroom spores legality. 

But, there is still a strong element of selective enforcement in some places around the United States. Since psilocybin and psilocin are deemed illegal to possess without license as substances, psilocybin mushroom spores themselves are not included in most laws. The legal status of Psilocybe spores is even more ambiguous, as the spores contain neither psilocybin, nor psilocin. Hence, they are not illegal to sell or possess in many jurisdictions, though many jurisdictions will prosecute under broader laws prohibiting items that are used in drug manufacture. A few jurisdictions (such as the US states of California, Georgia and Idaho) have specifically prohibited the sale and possession of psilocybin mushroom spores. Cultivation of psilocybin mushrooms is considered drug manufacture in most jurisdictions and is often severely penalized. Although some countries and one US state (Florida) has ruled that growing psilocybin mushrooms does not qualify as “manufacturing” a controlled substance. Overall, the importance of understanding psilocybin mushroom spores legality in the state of which you reside can not be reiterated enough.

Obtaining Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Legally

So where can one find these magical spores legally, or at least go to look for a reputable source? Where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores is not the easiest place to find, but in today’s world it is in fact more accessible than in the past. As a responsible person who understands psilocybin mushroom legality, one of the best places to find educational vendors is Reddit and in the group ‘SporeTraders’. To help better explain, an ‘educational vendor’ is someone who sells spores for the sole purpose of research, identification, and education. A good spore trader or educational vendor will clearly identify that the spores should not be germinated into mycelium or fruiting mushrooms, which again is illegal. Having a reputable and professional source of psilocybin grow kits has proven to be beneficial. As those who can provide such quality products are most often very knowledgeable in psilocybin mushroom spores in general. As for online options of purchasing, checking customer reviews and forums are also great ways to find where to buy psilocybin mushroom spores legally.

Not to sound redundant, but again understanding psilocybin mushroom spores legality is key to having a pleasant and successful experience. Well respected and knowledgeable psilocybin mushroom spores retailers will deny the sale if they suspect they will be intended for cultivation purposes without the proper licensing. FungusHead for example, is a trusted source and provider of everything psilocybin and has everything you need to grow your very own mushrooms using their own magical spores. When given the right lighting, humidity, temperature, and clean environment- psilocybin mushroom spores will produce plenty of psychedelic heads. From the kits themselves to products such as heated mats and thermo-hygrometers, as well as full mycological study kits including psilocybin mushroom spores. FungusHead has the high quality produced and captured psilocybin mushroom spores for all of your scientific needs in obtaining or cultivating!

 

CategoriesPsilocybin Mushrooms

What Are Psilocybin Mushrooms?

It’s no surprise that psilocybin mushrooms have become a popular topic in conversation these days. Although the history of psilocybin mushrooms is limited, more and more information has become available about these magical mushrooms. With more interest and studies underway, these magical mushrooms are proving to be a strong consideration for those seeking help emotionally and psychologically. Especially for those who are more inclined to try natural alternatives, rather than pharmaceutical options. Psilocybin mushrooms are complex, mystical, and certainly deserve the attention they are receiving today.

How Long Have Mushrooms Been Around?

Fungi, or more commonly called mushrooms, have flourished and existed on our beautiful Earth for quite some time. Although researchers are still looking into this query, it is estimated that psilocybin mushrooms have possibly existed for more than 2 billion years! And over that time period, they have developed some impressive evolutions, including many that can either be considered fascinating or frightening. Mushrooms and their magical family members are complex, wonderful examples of Mother Nature and her exquisite ability to adapt and evolve. Some ancient mushrooms grew nearly 30 feet (9 meters) tall before trees existed. For example, a honey fungus that still grows today in Oregon may be the largest organism on the planet, spanning an area of about 400 acres! Oregon scientists studying this particular organism estimate that If you scooped it all up and piled it together, it could weigh at least 7,500 tons and maybe up to 35,000 tons. It is astounding to think that this particular honey fungus is aged anywhere from 2,000-to-8,000 years old! Mushrooms have evolved and changed into their own unique features, some that definitely set them apart from each other. For example, there are mushrooms that can glow in the dark, some that turn insects into zombies, all with a variance of toxicity. Some species are lethal to humans, while others provide us with valuable superfoods. Mushrooms have been mentioned and referenced throughout our history of civilization thru ancient cave paintings, manuscripts, and constructs. They continue to be referenced in pop culture, music, movies, and many books.

What Are Magical Mushrooms or Psilocybin Mushrooms?

So what characteristics qualify a particular mushroom to be considered “magical”? For the most part, mushrooms containing psilocybin are most commonly known as “magic mushrooms”. These types of mushrooms are among the oldest recreational drugs that human beings have ever used, and what is even more amazing is that they are still actively used today! “Magic mushrooms” are often small, and are usually color shades ranging between brown and tan, to a golden beige. At first glance magical mushrooms, or Psilocybe Cubensis by their scientific name, do not look particularly magical. In fact, the scientific name of this little brown-and-white mushroom roughly translates to “bald head,” befitting the mushrooms’ rather plain-looking appearance. But those who have ingested a dose of Psilocybe Cubensis say it changes the user’s world completely. Psilocybin is most commonly found in wild or homegrown mushrooms, and sold either fresh or dried. In the wild, people commonly mistake magic mushrooms containing psilocybin for any number of other mushrooms that are poisonous. Hence the importance of becoming knowledgeable about mushrooms, as well as being able to properly identify them.

Different Species Of Psilocybin Mushrooms

Did you know that there are over one hundred and eighty different species of psilocybin containing magic mushrooms? Latin America and the Caribbean are home to more than 50 species, and Mexico alone has 53. There are 22 species of magic mushrooms in North America, 16 in Europe, 19 in Australia and the Pacific island region, 15 in Asia, and a mere four in Africa. These diverse fungi hail from roughly a dozen genera, but are often lumped together as “psilocybin mushrooms.” Most belong to the genus Psilocybe, including well-known species like P. Cubensis (Gold Top) and P. Semilanceata (Liberty Cap). Psilocybin mushrooms might be so diverse, according to a study in Evolution Letters, because they didn’t inherit the genes behind psilocybin from a common ancestor. Instead they passed them directly among distant species in a phenomenon called “horizontal gene transfer.” Some study authors suggest that psilocybin could have originally evolved as a defense mechanism. Therefore deterring fungi-eating pests by “altering their mind” enabling the fungi species to survive. This particular characteristic could explain the mushrooms’ unique make-up that makes it psychedelic when ingested. Remember, caution should always be exercised when consuming any psilocybin mushrooms.

The other group of magic mushrooms is considerably smaller, but has a rich history of religious use in the history of our humanity. It consists of one iconic species Amanita Muscaria (think the Mario Brothers Game mushroom), and a few less famous relatives like Amanita Pantherina (Panther Cap). Instead of psilocybin or psilocin, its main hallucinogens are chemicals known as muscimol and ibotenic acid. These “muscimol mushrooms” are related to some notoriously toxic fungi, namely Amanita Phalloides (Death Cap) and Amanita Ocreata (Destroying Angel). They’re generally less poisonous than those killer cousins, but given the high stakes of a mushroom mix-up, non-experts are advised to steer clear of Amanita varieties altogether.

Common Species Of Magical Or Psilocybin Mushrooms:

  • Psilocybe cubensis is one of the largest sized species within psilocybin mushrooms, and is also one of the most common. Called the common large Psilocybe, golden cap or Mexican mushroom, it has many different types. The cap is usually reddish brown, with a white or yellowish stem. When bruised or crushed, its sticky flesh often turns bluish. Some people consider this a definitive sign of finding a magic mushroom, but some toxic types of mushrooms bruise as well. It’s usually found in moist, humid climates and grows on the dung of grazing animals like cattle.
  • Psilocybe semilanceata, or commonly referred as liberty cap, is a common psilocybin mushroom. In general, P. semilanceata is found in damp, grassy fields usually populated by cattle or sheep but unlike P. cubensis, it doesn’t grow directly on the dung. It’s a small mushroom, either light yellow or brown, with a very pointed cap. Another psilocybe mushroom, Psilocybe pelliculosa, is often mistaken for P. semilanceata, but its psychotropic properties are weaker.
  • Psilocybe baeocystis has a dark brown cap and brownish or yellowish stem when fresh. It can be found in fields in addition to growing on rotting logs, peat or mulch. Nicknames include potent Psilocybe, blue bell and bottle cap.

What Is Psilocybin?

Psilocybin is a hallucinogenic substance found in various types of mushrooms that grow in regions of Europe, South America, Mexico, and the United States. Psilocybin and psilocin are the two major psychoactive substances which naturally occur in psychedelic mushrooms (or magic mushrooms). Psilocin is biologically active, whereas psilocybin is a psilocin pro-drug, meaning that it is converted into psilocin when ingested via dephosphorylation. Psilocybin is metabolized mostly in the liver. As it becomes converted to psilocin, it undergoes a first-pass effect, whereby its concentration is greatly reduced before it reaches the systemic circulation. Psilocin is broken down by the enzyme monoamine oxidase to produce several metabolites that can circulate in the blood plasma. Some psilocin is not broken down by enzymes and instead forms a glucuronide; this is a biochemical mechanism animals use to eliminate toxic substances by linking them with glucuronic acid, which can then be excreted in the urine. Based on studies using animals, about 50% of ingested psilocybin is absorbed through the stomach and intestine. Within 24 hours, about 65% of the absorbed psilocybin is excreted into the urine, and a further 15–20% is excreted in the bile and feces. Although most of the remaining drug is eliminated in this way within 8 hours, it is still detectable in the urine after 7 days.

Because psilocybin is the main ingredient found in several types of psychoactive mushrooms, it is perhaps the best-known naturally-occurring psychedelic drug. After the gut digests and absorbs these particular “magic mushrooms”, the body converts it to psilocybin. The hallucinogenic effects of psilocybin usually occur within 30 minutes of ingestion and can last between 4 and 6 hours. Keep in mind though, each person will be affected differently based on the factors named above. In some individuals, the changes in sensory perception and thought patterns can last for several days if not months. Psilocybin is a hallucinogen that works by activating serotonin receptors, most often in the prefrontal cortex. This particular part of the brain affects mood, cognition, and perception for people.

It is also important to note that hallucinogens work in other regions of the brain that regulate arousal and panic responses. Psilocybin does not always cause active visual or auditory hallucinations. Instead, it distorts how some people that use psilocybin perceive objects and people already in their environment. Factors such as the amount of ingested mushrooms, personal past experiences, and expectations of how the experience will take shape, can therefore all impact the effects of psilocybin. Psilocybin is about 100 times less potent than LSD on a weight per weight basis, and the physiological effects last about half as long. Some recent research is not only suggesting, but proving, that magical mushrooms (those containing psilocybin) may have beneficial medicinal properties as well.

Why Psilocybin Mushrooms Are Making Headlines

With psilocybin mushrooms becoming more and more of a popular topic in today’s social and medical communities, new research is becoming available. Psilocybin mushrooms have been found to have minimal harmful effects and could potentially benefit those who suffer from severe depression, anxiety, or other psychological conditions. Unfortunately, they remain illegal even though they offer a groundbreaking alternative to several under-treated psychological ailments. Nevertheless, psychedelics are currently riding a wave of positive momentum brought on by wider acceptance and cannabis legalization in more states. As studies go underway more and more each year, the prospects of psilocybin mushrooms being approved as a pharmaceutical drug become realized.

In fact, two new studies confirm the hypothesis that psilocybin found in “magic mushrooms” may be a useful new treatment for depression, while avoiding some of the side effects of conventional antidepressants. A new study — which was carried out by researchers at Imperial College London (ICL) in the United Kingdom — suggests that psilocybin mushrooms could treat depression while avoiding these harmful or negative side effects. The new research consists of two studies, both of which were led by Leor Roseman, a member of the Psychedelic Research Group at ICL. Using functional MRI (fMRI), the team scanned the brains of the participants while they looked at pictures of emotive expressions. The scans were taken before and after each drug intervention. The functional MRI scans revealed a stronger brain response to emotive faces. Specifically, the scientists saw more activity in the brain’s amygdala, which is an emotion-processing area associated with depression. In order to assess the impact of the treatment on depression, the subjects were all provided with psychological support before, during, and after the intervention. After the treatment, the participants reported feeling better, “emotionally re-connected, and accepting.”

Psilocybin Mushrooms And The Brain

Many different species of the psilocybin mushrooms or “magic mushrooms” also contain a range of tryptophan-derived beta-carbolines. Ones such as harmane and harmine, that may also positively influence brain function. So, why are the beta-carbolines important in the action of psilocybin mushrooms? Beta-carbolines are potent inhibitors of an enzyme called monoamine oxidase, which is responsible for the inactivation of psilocin. This is fascinating behavior by any plant or fungus. The Psilocybe produces a variety of different natural products via unique pathways that diverge from the same building block, i.e., tryptophan, leading to the production of dissimilar compounds, and all of these contribute directly or indirectly to the same pharmacological effects.

Some recent PET evidence suggests that psilocin’s psychoactive actions depend upon its ability to stimulate one specific serotonin receptor called 5HT2A. To date, psilocybin has demonstrated modest to promising results in clinical trials for the treatment of addiction, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and death anxiety. Researchers find that the psychoactive compound in mushrooms may be helpful for patients with severe depression who did not respond to conventional therapy. Discussions are on-going about whether psychological specialists can use psilocybin and similar hallucinogens as a treatment for depression. For the second time in a year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has designated psilocybin therapy, which is currently being tested in clinical trials, as “breakthrough therapy”. An action that is meant to accelerate the typically sluggish process of drug development and review. It is typically requested by a drug company and granted only when preliminary evidence suggests the drug may be an enormous improvement over already available therapy, according to the FDA.

CategoriesPsilocybin Mushrooms

How To Print Psilocybin Mushroom Spores 

With more and more demand for natural alternatives concerning treatment and care of the brain and whole body, psilocybin mushrooms (or magic mushrooms as commonly referred to as) are becoming a more prevalent topic in today’s world. Whether it be mental, physical, or psychological ailments, mushrooms are gaining interest as an alternative way of healing for many. Mushrooms also offer beauty, making them a focus in today’s culture of art and beautiful aesthetics. In fact, art and consumption have long been reasons as to why people are interested in learning how to print psilocybin mushroom spores. But also remember, psilocybin mushrooms are not yet legal to possess and use in most states. With the recent exception of Oregon, knowing the laws of your area concerning psilocybin and their prints is imperative. In this blog, we hope to answer any questions regarding psilocybin mushrooms, why people seek to print and capture their spores, and of course how to print psilocybin mushrooms spores successfully. FungusHead, alike other reputable and informative psilocybin mushroom retailers, aim to help anyone interested become more acquainted with magic mushrooms and psilocybin. Including how, where, and why they are used in yesterdays and today’s society and how they can become part of your home grow, legally of course.

A Summary About Psilobcybin Mushrooms

Magic mushrooms are the most common name given to those that contain the psychoactive element psilocybin. These types of mushroom bodies are typically small, nondescript, gilled, and more often fit the description of “a little brown button capped mushroom”. Macroscopically, they are characterized by their small to occasionally medium size, brown to yellow- to golden brown varied coloration, with spore prints that range in color from rusty-brown, to lilac-brown, to dark purple-brown. Psychedelic species typically have a blue-staining reaction when the mushroom body itself is bruised. According to Wikipedia “Microscopically, they are characterized by pileipellis with hyphae that run parallel to the pileus surface, forming a cutis, by their lack of chrysocystidia, and by spores that are smooth, ellipsoid to rhomboid to sub hexagonal in shape, with a distinct apical germ pore.” Psilocybin mushrooms can be found growing on various kinds of decaying organic matter, most often known in fields with prevalent feces. But, contrary to popular belief only a few, such as P. cubensis and P. subcubensis, have been found to grow directly on manure. Many other species of psilocybin mushrooms are found in habitats such as mossy, grassy, or forest humus soils.

Although microscopic in size, learning how to print psilocybin mushroom spores gives someone the blueprint for all mushroom growth. Or in other words, the spore of a mushroom contains all of the necessary materials to form a brand new fungus. A mature mushroom is said to contain up to 16 billion spores, giving Mother Nature and cultivators plenty of opportunities to propagate more. In Mother Nature, when the spores of a mushroom are released they often travel a certain distance before they land. The single cell then sends out hyphae (each of the branching filaments that make up the mycelium of a fungus) to help establish and gather food for the actual mushroom. After the spore has sent out its hyphae, they will eventually meet up with the hyphae of another mushroom. After the sexual process of reproduction has begun, the mushroom forms the structures of a “fruiting body” that will eventually produce and disperse spores. Not only are psilocybin mushroom spores beautiful when captured, but fascinating as well. Hence the reason for the growing interest in learning how to print psilocybin mushroom spores successfully.

Why People Print Psilocybin Mushroom Spores

So, now with an understanding of what magic mushrooms are- why do people print psilocybin mushroom spores? Spore prints offer much more diversity of characteristics to the home mushroom grower than just making a phenotypic clone. In fact, it is very similar to the difference between growing a plant from seed, or from grafting. Hidden under the cap of a mushroom reside from hundreds of thousands to millions of spores that can all lead to the growth of new mushrooms. Not only is this something the mind can barely comprehend, but also capture in full. Hence the desire to replicate in physical form, making exquisite pieces of art that are also useful for scientific purposes. Why people print psilocybin mushroom spores can range from personal use, medicinal use, artistic ventures, to scientific research purposes.

Printing mushroom spores is not just for those who plan on cultivating future mushrooms for their own enjoyment. Spore prints are used for three main purposes – mushroom cultivation, mushroom identification, and beautiful art. Ranging in size, shape, and color, learning how to print psilocybin mushroom spores can produce spectacular art pieces. From a scientific standpoint, making spore prints is like seed saving for mushrooms. Prints help with mushroom identification because different mushrooms have different coloured spores, and this is an easy way to figure out spore colour. Prints from psilocybin mushroom spores are also a great way to capture new genetics to add to your mushroom cultivation setup as well. Not only are prints from psilocybin mushroom spores an easy and fun way to get to know mushrooms, but a more affordable way to have them. When spore printing is done carefully, they’re also a very cheap way to cultivate more mushrooms at home. However, keep in mind the actual possession, transportation, germination, cultivation, and distribution of all mushrooms that contain psilocybin is illegal on a federal level. Although most states do not have laws against having or printing psilocybin mushroom spores in one’s possession, know the laws of the area in which you live. The only exceptions to those are the states of Georgia, Idaho, and California which have their own unique laws regarding psilocybin mushroom spores. Specifically, Georgia and Idaho have banned the importation of psilocybin spores into those states, by their residents. California has banned the importation of psilocybin spores into the state, only if the buyer has an intent to germinate or manufacture the psilocybin mushroom spores. Once learning how to print psilocybin mushroom spores, know your state’s laws on what you can do with the prints as well  to be on the safe and legal side of things.

How To Print Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Successfully

The steps for learning how to print psilocybin mushroom spores is not as difficult as one would assume. Wild mushroom spore prints can even be made on the go by sealing them up and easily pressing them home later, if you’re mid-mushroom-hunt. In regards to collecting your own psilocybin mushroom spores, all you need is a mushroom, paper, and glass or bowl. Most psilocybin mushrooms are gilled making the pressing process even easier. Carefully remove the stem from the mushroom and gently remove any skirt that may be present protecting the gills in the mushroom head. For the spore print all you need is the top of the mushroom with the gills exposed on the underside. Place the mushroom with the gills face down onto the paper and put a glass or bowl over the top. Protecting your psilocybin mushroom specimen by covering it at this point with a glass, dish, or something similar is an important step. Doing so will reduce evaporation and airflow, ensuring a precise and hopefully less contaminated psilocybin mushroom spores print. For the next 24 hours leave the mushroom under the glass untouched. Magically, in just 6 to 12 hours the millions of psilocybin mushroom spores will be released onto the paper or glass, which replicates the gill pattern from the mushroom. Remove the glass and gently lift the mushroom to reveal the microscopic magic, you now have learned to print psilocybin mushroom spores! This beautiful display is the spore print which can then be used for art, scientific research, or to grow your own mushrooms. Remember to keep the psilocybin mushroom spores print within a bag in a cool, dry, dark place until you are ready to use them.

Specific Instructions For How To Print Psilocybin Mushroom Spores

For those who seek more formal direction, one of the easiest ways to learn something new is by simple instruction. In short, the millions of spores contained inside the fruit body (cap or gills most often) of a psilocybin mushroom are to the mushroom, what seeds are to a plant. The making of a spore print has to be done in a sterile manner, so taking all necessary precautions is imperative. For those wanting more of a lay out of steps to follow in learning how to print psilocybin mushroom spores, try this:

To print psilocybin mushroom spores you will need the following:

  • Sharp knife or scalpel.
  • Gas-burner or lighter.
  • Clean paper, glass, or even aluminum foil if preferred.
  • A clean glass or bowl for covering the mushroom.
  • Sterilized pair of tweezers.
  • Small zip bag. (Small grip bags are excellent to use.)

Printing Psilocybin Mushroom Spores on Paper

  1. Sterilize the area thoroughly where you plan to do the psilocybin mushroom spores print.
  2. Sterilize all equipment – the scalpel by heating it in the flame of a gas burner. Take it out of the flame when it starts to glow red and wait for 20 – 30 seconds to let it cool off.
  3. Find a mature mushroom that is fresh as possible, carefully removing the veil if attached.
  4. Using a sterile scalpel, cut the stem at the highest possible point without touching the mushrooms gills.
  5. Put a drop of water on the top of the cap to help release the mushroom spores.
  6. Place mushroom cap, gills down, on a piece of paper.
  7. Cover with a clean bowl or glass to keep the spores protected while falling. (To prevent contamination, the spores shouldn’t be exposed to the outside air.)
  8. Let the mushroom cap sit for 12-24 hours minimum.
  9. Remove the mushroom cap slowly and carefully.
  10. Using clean tweezers, pick-up the psilocybin mushroom spores printed paper and put carefully inside a small ziplock bag.
  11. It is very important that the bags are completely sealed and airproof.
  12. When kept in a dark and cool location, mushroom spores printed can be stored at room temperature for years!

Printing Psilocybin Mushroom Spores on Glass Plates

(Glass allows for easy future use of spores, as well as observation w/out risk of contamination.)

  1. Sterilize the area thoroughly where you plan to do the psilocybin mushroom spores print.
  2. Sterilize all equipment – the scalpel by heating it in the flame of a gas burner. Take it out of the flame when it starts to glow red and wait for 20 – 30 seconds to let it cool off.
  3. Find a mature mushroom that is fresh as possible, carefully removing the veil if attached.
  4. Wash the glass plate(s) with soapy water and dry, wipe clean with alcohol to be safe.
  5. Create a bind between two plates by conjoining them together with duct tape.
  6. Using a sterile scalpel, cut the stem at the highest possible point without touching the mushrooms gills.
  7. Put a drop of water on the top of the cap to help release the mushroom spores.
  8. Place the mushroom caps on top of both glass plates.
  9. Cover with a clean bowl or glass to keep the spores protected while falling.  (To prevent contamination, the spores shouldn’t be exposed to the outside air.)
  10. Let the mushroom cap sit for 12-24 hours minimum.
  11. Remove the mushroom cap slowly and carefully.
  12. Seal the remaining three glass plate edges with more tape, creating a “Spore Booklet”.
  13. When kept in a dark and cool location, mushroom spores printed can be stored at room temperature for years.

FungusHead is the trusted source and provider of everything psilocybin, and has everything you need to grow your very own magic mushrooms. From the kits themselves to products such as heated mats and thermo-hygrometers, as well as full mycological study kits including psilocybin mushroom spores. FungusHead has the high quality produced and captured psilocybin mushroom spores for your scientific needs. We take pride in providing everything, most importantly information, on how to print psilocybin mushroom spores successfully.

 

CategoriesPsilocybin Mushrooms

Where To Get Psilocybin Mushroom Spores

With growing interest in magic mushrooms (mushrooms that naturally contain the psychedelic element of psilocybin) there has also been a growing interest and demand on where to get psilocybin mushroom spores. Whether for pure interest, experimentation, or personal reasons it is important to understand the obtaining and possession of psilocybin mushroom spores legally. Finding a good source of spores depends on many factors. Spore buyers should be prepared to spend some time in online forums that discuss psilocybin mushroom spores, shop around the internet for legitimate sources, and stay updated with their current laws of where they live. Unless you live in the Netherlands, or more recently in Oregon in the USA where it is currently legal to do so- staying informed is key. You don’t have to be a scientist to buy spores, but you must be knowledgeable. One great place to start is reputable psilocybin mushroom providers that provide key information about not only their products for purchase, but also reliable information about magic mushrooms as a whole including their legality and restrictions. Taking the time to compare and research where to get psilocybin mushroom spores will prove to be an investment worth taking.

What Makes Psilocybin Mushrooms Magical

So what exact characteristics qualify a particular mushroom to be considered “magical”? The types of mushrooms containing psilocybin are most commonly known as “magic mushrooms”. Psilocybin mushrooms are among the oldest recreational drugs that human beings have ever used, and what is even more amazing is that they are still actively used today! Mushrooms, or fungus if you will, have been mentioned and referenced throughout our history of civilization through ancient cave paintings, manuscripts, and constructs. They continue to be referenced in pop culture, music, movies, and many books. Some recent research is not only suggesting, but proving, that psilocybin mushrooms may have beneficial medicinal properties as well bringing about their most recent popularity.

Magic mushrooms are often small, and are usually color shades ranging between brown and tan, to a golden beige. At first glance most psilocybin mushrooms do not look particularly magical, or out of the ordinary. In fact, the scientific name of the popular Psilocybe Cubensis for example, roughly translates to “bald head,” befitting the mushrooms’ rather plain-looking appearance. In the wild, people commonly mistake magic mushrooms containing psilocybin for any number of other mushrooms that are poisonous. Hence the importance of becoming knowledgeable about mushrooms, as well as being able to properly identify them.

Most Common Species Of Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Sold

Now that a potential buyer has established they can legally buy spores, which ones do they choose to purchase? There are several common kinds of psychedelic mushroom spores that buyers can find for sale. Magic mushrooms tend to have different strains, which are named typically after the location in which they are found, or the physical characteristics that are observed. Some are more potent than others in the amount of psilocybin or psilocin content that is contained within them, some will be larger, or smaller, and some may have different coloration, or become mutated like in the case of Penis Envy. The majority psilocybin mushrooms are either tropical or subtropical, and prefer composted manure or dung in areas of land that are well fertilized to thrive. The not so common psilocybin mushroom varieties are commonly called “exotic,” although the majority of psilocybin genera spores are technically exotic if you live in the United States of America. The most common species of psilocybin mushroom spores sold include:

Psilocybe Cubensis – is on the larger side as far as magic mushroom size goes. It’s also one of the most common. Called the common large Psilocybe, golden cap or Mexican mushroom, it has many different types. The cap is usually reddish brown, with a white or yellowish stem. When bruised or crushed, its sticky flesh often turns bluish. Some people consider this a definitive sign of finding a magic mushroom, but some toxic types of mushrooms bruise as well. It’s usually found in moist, humid climates and grows on the dung of grazing animals like cattle.

Panaeolus Cyanesens – this species has been considered by some experts as one of the 4th most potent mushrooms found on earth. Young caps start out light brown and fade to off-white or light gray at maturity, sometimes with yellowish or brownish tones. This species grows scattered gregariously in dung and fertilized pastures and fields in most semi tropical zones. Known as a very strong producer of psilocybin/psilocin, these particular mushrooms show a very strong blueing reaction when bruised. Although they can be domesticated and grown indoors with patience and lots of TLC, they are not nearly as easy to grow as their sister cubensis. Panaeolus Cyanesens are geared towards the intermediate and advanced growers looking where to get psilocybin mushroom spores.

Psilocybe Semilanceata – or also known as “liberty cap” is a very common psilocybin mushroom. Found in damp, grassy fields usually populated by cattle or sheep but unlike P. cubensis, it doesn’t grow directly on the dung. It’s a small mushroom, either light yellow or brown, with a very pointed cap. Another psilocybe mushroom, Psilocybe pelliculosa, is often mistaken for P. semilanceata, but its psychotropic properties are weaker.

Psilocybe Mexicana – with early known beginnings of usage by the natives of Central America and North America over 2,000 years ago, this species has been long observed. Identified as brown or beige to straw color in age, sometimes with blueish or greenish tones, this species also easily turns blue when injured. Psilocybe mexicana grows alone or in small groups among moss along roadsides and trails, humid meadows, humid cornfields, and in particular in the grassy areas bordering deciduous forests.

Buyers And Their Rights In Obtaining Psilocybin Mushroom Spores

Surprisingly enough, in many places buying psilocybin spores is perfectly legal. Thanks to a loophole in legal explanation that penalizes the possession, sale, and transport of psilocybin mushroom- spores are the only exception. And that’s because psilocybin mushroom spores don’t actually contain psilocybin ironically. Therefore, since spores do not contain any active hallucinogenic compounds, they can legally be bought and sold in most states. However, with the exception of Oregon residents as of January 1st 2021, residents everywhere else in the United States should be aware buying spores still comes with its own risks. Buying psilocybin spores with the intent to study, research, identify, or other non-germination may be legal, but germinating those same psilocybin mushroom spores is not.

When Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Become Illegal

Most residents in the United States can legally buy psilocybin mushroom spores, as long as the spores do not germinate. Many spore providers articulate that they are selling spores for “educational or research and identification purposes” to clarify that the spores are not intended for mushroom home growing. Or in other words, clarification that customers buying spores have the intention that those bought are to remain spores. While the state a buyer lives in may allow the purchase of psilocybin mushroom spores, germinating them is still prohibited. (With the recent exception of Oregon beginning January 2021.) Both mycelium and fruiting mushrooms contain psilocybin, which is still on a federal level illegal. Or in other words, as soon as psilocybin mushroom spores begin to germinate into mycelium, law enforcement can legally charge the grower with cultivation or possession of a controlled substance. The same goes for the possession or sale of fresh and dried psilocybin mushrooms.

How Psilocybin Mushroom Spores Are Sold

When learning where to get psilocybin mushroom spores, most buyers will find they are sold in two ways/ preparations: Spore Prints and Spore Syringes. A mushroom spore print is a dense cluster of spores that have fallen from the gills of a mushroom onto a flat surface, which takes the shape of the gills. Spore prints more resemble a stamp, and are made on a sheet of paper by laying a fresh mushroom cap face-down overnight. In fact, spore prints are used for making spore syringes. A spore syringe is a premade product that contains the spores of a mushroom suspended in an aqueous solution, and should not contain any other spores or microbes. The water suspends the spores in solution without destroying them, and reputable psilocybin mushroom spores providers will often use purified water. Typically a spore syringe will come with a sterile needle for easy dispensing onto microscope slides. For any buyer considered a beginner at using psilocybin mushroom spores, it is most often recommended to buy a pre-made syringe from a reliable source. Thus improving the buyers chances of success in any microscopy experiments.

Where to Get Psilocybin Mushroom Spores in the United States

Unfortunately in certain states, there is currently a push to criminalize the spores under the assumption that anyone buying them will use them to cultivate the mushrooms. Since the spores are often only purchased to cultivate the mushrooms themselves for recreational use, their legal status could change in the near future across the country. Especially with Oregon now on board in decriminalizing psilocybin amongst other drugs starting January 2021. But all potential buyers should keep in mind that anyone proven to be using psilocybin mushroom spores to cultivate psychedelic mushrooms will likely experience legal problems and may even be prosecuted as a result. Hence the importance of where and if the potential buyer can get psilocybin mushroom spores legally, and also possess them depending on where the buyer lives.

Reputable and highly recommended magic mushroom providers tend to be a great resource for pertinent information on where to get psilocybin mushroom spores. Nonetheless, finding spores for sale can be somewhat tricky when looking. After all, psychedelic mushrooms are still taboo and the mushrooms themselves are illegal to germinate and cultivate. Still, that doesn’t mean finding where to get psilocybin mushroom spores is impossible as they are certainly available. These days, most spores are purchased over the internet. One great source is an Educational Vendor, which can be defined as someone who sells spores for the sole purpose of research, identification, and education. Educational vendors will also clearly identify that the spores should not be germinated into mycelium or fruiting mushrooms, which again is illegal on a federal level.

Shopping For Psilocybin Mushroom Spores From Verified Sites Online

One of the most challenging factors about shopping for psilocybin mushroom spores online is knowing whether or not you’re buying from a legitimate source. Psychedelic culture and interest may be on the rise and demand, however it is still mostly underground. Before ordering from a promising website, consider posting in a Reddit or Shroomery thread to see if anyone else is familiar with the supplier. Researching and comparing when looking through websites is key in determining if a company is what it portrays. Important standard aspects to look for and compare with website legitimacy include: About Pages, Contact Pages, Reviews, FAQs, and Recognizable Payment Options.

Again, legitimate spore traders such as Educational Vendors should also be knowledgeable about the laws that come with psilocybin mushroom spores. Choosing websites that sell their products for research, identification, and educational purposes only are a great source. Reading reviews posted on the website and looking up additional online reviews can also help a psilocybin mushroom spores buyer determine the quality and legitimacy of a vendor. Keeping in mind that the greater number of reviews available and the longer the review history, the better. In fact, one of the best ways to determine an online site’s legitimacy is by reaching out to their customer service. Whether it be giving them a call if a phone number is listed, or sending an email, making connections before buying can help you determine the legitimacy of the vendor. And remember, online spore providers will not sell to you if you disclose that you will be germinating the spores to produce psilocybin mushrooms. Learning where to get psilocybin mushroom spores may take some time, but finding the right provider for your spores is time well spent in the long run.

 

CategoriesPsilocybin Mushrooms

The History Of Psilocybin Mushrooms

The use of mind-altering or psychedelic mushrooms has been present in human culture long before the birth of civilization, approximately 6000 years ago. And potentially even multiple hundreds of thousands of years before then. The earliest concrete evidence consists of rock etched murals depicting mushroom iconography found in Northern Australia. Archaeologists and geologists suggest that the psychedelic-themed illustrations date back to 10,000 B.C.E. based on findings. While there is no hard evidence thus far in supporting earlier use, it’s logical to assume humans have consumed psilocybin fungi since homo sapiens became evolutionarily distinct. It has been repeatedly documented that tribal societies across the globe revere psychedelic mushrooms and have used them in spiritual and therapeutic contexts for hundreds of years. The history of psilocybin mushrooms is complex, and far from being understood as more and more discoveries are made everyday.

What Distinguishes Psilocybin Mushrooms From Others

With over 180 different species of psilocybin mushrooms, it’s fascinating to understand what distinguishes them from other mushrooms. Latin America and the Caribbean are home to more than 50 species, and Mexico alone has 53. There are 22 species of magic mushrooms in North America, 16 in Europe, 19 in Australia and the Pacific island region, 15 in Asia, and a mere four in Africa. These diverse fungi hail from roughly a dozen genera, but are often lumped together as “psilocybin mushrooms.” The history of Psilocybin mushrooms may seem vague or complex, but science has helped us understand.

Psilocybin Mushrooms From A Scientific View

So what distinguishes psilocybin mushrooms from other mushrooms in a scientific view? Psilocybin mushrooms mostly belong to the genus Psilocybe, including well-known species like P. Cubensis (Gold Top) and P. Semilanceata (Liberty Cap). Psilocybin mushrooms might be so diverse, according to a study in Evolution Letters, because they didn’t inherit the genes behind psilocybin from a common ancestor. Instead they passed them directly among distant species in a phenomenon called “horizontal gene transfer.” Psilocybin could have originally evolved as a defense mechanism, the study’s authors suggest, deterring fungi-eating pests by “altering the insects’ ‘mind’.” Which quite possibly could explain the mushrooms unique characteristics that make it psychedelic.

The other group of magic mushrooms is considerably smaller, but has a rich history of religious use back in time. It consists of one iconic species Amanita Muscaria (think the Mario Brothers Game mushroom), and a few less famous relatives like Amanita Pantherina (Panther Cap). Instead of psilocybin or psilocin, its main hallucinogens are chemicals known as muscimol and ibotenic acid. These “muscimol mushrooms” are related to some notoriously toxic fungi, namely Amanita Phalloides (Death Cap) and Amanita Ocreata (Destroying Angel). They’re generally less poisonous than those killer cousins, but given the high stakes of a mushroom mix-up, non-experts are advised to steer clear of Amanita varieties altogether.

Most Common Or Popular Species Of Psilocybin Mushrooms:

  • Psilocybe cubensis is on the larger side as far as magic mushroom size goes. It’s also one of the most common. Called the common large Psilocybe, golden cap or Mexican mushroom, it has many different types. The cap is usually reddish brown, with a white or yellowish stem. When bruised or crushed, its sticky flesh often turns bluish. Some people consider this a definitive sign of finding a magic mushroom, but some toxic types of mushrooms bruise as well. It’s usually found in moist, humid climates and grows on the dung of grazing animals like cattle.
  • Psilocybe semilanceata or liberty cap is a common psilocybin mushroom. In general, P. semilanceata is found in damp, grassy fields usually populated by cattle or sheep but unlike P. cubensis, it doesn’t grow directly on the dung. It’s a small mushroom, either light yellow or brown, with a very pointed cap. Another psilocybe mushroom, Psilocybe pelliculosa, is often mistaken for P. semilanceata, but its psychotropic properties are weaker.
  • Psilocybe baeocystis has a dark brown cap and brownish or yellowish stem when fresh. It can be found in fields in addition to growing on rotting logs, peat or mulch. Nicknames include potent Psilocybe, blue bell and bottle cap.

The History Of Psilocybin Mushrooms

Various forms of indigenous Central American artwork indicate that it was thought these types of psilocybin mushrooms were a means of communicating with the gods, while their nomenclature gives even more evidence of this. The Nahuatl language used by the Maya and Aztec peoples named psilocybin mushrooms Teonanácatl, which literally translates to “flesh of the gods.” Many religious myths of the Aztecs, Maya, and Toltecs are rife with mention of mushrooms, even stating that they were given to distant ancestors by the serpent god Quetzocoatl, who was worshipped as the creator of life by all of these cultures. Most of the information known about the history of psilocybin mushrooms has been attributed to findings in ancient cultures.

Similarly, rock paintings in Spain created about 6000 years ago suggest that the mushroom Psilocybe Hispanica was used during certain religious rituals near Villar del Humo. When Spanish Catholic missionary priests came to the New World in the 16th century, some of them wrote about the use of psilocybin mushrooms. In fact, It’s very possible that psilocybin mushroom use by prehistoric cultures began even before that time. Mostly for the possibility that we have just not found the evidence to suggest so yet. It wasn’t only tribal peoples who engaged in the use of psychedelic fungi: Philosophically and scientifically advanced ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians, Romans, and Greeks all left evidence suggesting that they too had fondness for psychedelics. Some historians believe that psilocybin mushrooms may have been used as far back as 9000 B.C. in North African indigenous cultures, based on representations in rock paintings. The art in question shows masked figures holding mushroom-like objects. Other drawings show mushrooms positioned behind anthropomorphic figures, possibly a painted direction to the fact that magic mushrooms commonly grow in dung.

Psilocybin Mushrooms And Their Role In Religious And Mythical History

History has shown that Central Americans were using psilocybin mushrooms before Europeans landed on the New World’s shores. Not surprising, for the fact that psilocybin mushrooms grow well in subtropical and tropical environments. Statues and other representatives of what appear to be mushrooms that have been found in Mayan and Aztec ruins in Central America. Along with peyote, morning glory seeds, and other naturally occurring psychotropics, psilocybin mushrooms were used to induce a trance, produce visions, and communicate with the gods. Effectively, the Spanish and Portugese settlers viewed the convulsions, visions, and babbling the mushrooms caused as the natives communing with the devil. The continent was rapidly converted to Christianity, and the so-called pagan ways were lost for many practitioners.

On the subject of myth, settle in for a not so innocent or normal tale of Christmas cheer. According to Sierra College anthropologist John Rush, psilocybin mushrooms explain why kids wait for a flying elf to bring them presents on December 25th each year. Rush explains that Siberian Shamans used to bring gifts of hallucinogenic mushrooms to households each winter. While also keeping in mind that reindeer were the “spirit animals” of these Shamans. Perhaps suggesting that the ingestion of psilocybin mushrooms might just convince a hallucinating tribe member that those animals could fly. Plus, Santa’s red-and-white suit looks suspiciously like the colors of the mushroom species Amanita Muscaria. Interestingly enough which grows, wait for it, under evergreen trees. Boom. Additionally noted, this species of magic mushroom is toxic to people, however it seems to be not so toxic for some wild animals. Siberian reindeer also have a taste for magic mushrooms, according to a 2009 BBC nature documentary. It’s unclear whether the reindeer feel the effects, but Siberian mystics would sometimes drink the urine from deer that had ingested mushrooms in order to get a hallucinogenic experience for religious rituals.

How Psilocybin Mushrooms Made Their Way Into The Western World

Although more information is needed on how psilocybin mushrooms made their way into the Western World, historians have pieced the history of psilocybin mushrooms to help understand. It wasn’t till the late 1950s that the Western civilized world got introduced to psilocybin. R. Gordon Wasson and Roger Heim, with help from Albert Hofmann, managed to extract and identify the two hallucinogenic drugs (psilocybin and psilocin). Each found inside the psilocybin mushrooms collected from the Mazatec tribe, which they collected while on an expedition in Mexico. In 1957, a piece with the title, “Seeking the Magic Mushroom” was published in Life magazine, where Wasson detailed his discovery of the mushroom and his findings. Once the drug gained popularity as a psychedelic substance, it became closely associated with the contemporary Hippie culture. Therefore leading the way where psilocybin mushrooms were soon considered to be the gateway to spirituality.

The term “magic mushrooms” was introduced nearly 100 years later in a 1957 Life Magazine exposé entitled “Seeking the Magic Mushroom.” The piece was written by banker and hobby mycologist R. Gordon Wasson, who in 1955, along with his wife Valeria, became among the first “westerners” allowed to participate in an indigenous mushroom ceremony, guided by the famous shaman Maria Sabina. Their experience took place in the small village of Huautla de Jiménez in Oaxaca Mexico, and profoundly affected Gordon, who went to great lengths publicizing it. News quickly proliferated and attracted the attention of figures like Albert Hoffman (the chemist most famous for discovering LSD) and Roger Heim (the mycologist who confirmed from samples Wasson sent him that the mushrooms were Psilocybe Cubensis). By 1958 Hoffman (who also received samples) had successfully isolated and identified the compounds psilocybin and psilocin as active ingredients, and produced synthetic versions of both compounds, which were sold by Sandoz Pharmaceuticals under the name Indocybin. Research continues today in using psilocybin mushrooms for pharmaceuticals, especially for those individuals battling severe depression.

The History Of Psilocybin Mushrooms Known In Europe

Although dozens of species of psilocybin mushrooms are found in Europe, there is little documented usage of these species in Old World history besides the use of Amanita Muscaria among Siberian peoples. The few existing historical accounts about psilocybin mushrooms typically lack sufficient information to allow species identification, and usually refer to the nature of their effects. For example, Flemish botanist Carolus Clusius (1526–1609) described the Bolond Gomba (Crazy Mushroom), used in rural Hungary to prepare love potions. English botanist John Parkinson included details about a “foolish mushroom” in his 1640 herbal Theatricum Botanicum. The first reliably documented report of intoxication with Psilocybe Semilanceata, Europe’s most common and widespread psilocybin mushroom. It involved a British family in 1799, who prepared a meal with mushrooms they had picked in London’s Green Park. Psilocybin use in Europe is less documented, as more research into the topic needs to be done.

For almost thirty years, there was a hiatus in the (legal) research of the fungi, ending in 1997 with the first post-Drug War Psilocybin study conducted at The University of Zurich. A team of researchers led by Dr. Franz Vollenweider explored whether brain function under the influence of psilocybin was consistent with the brain function of chronic schizophrenia patients, finding that these brain states contrasted significantly. They also found that psilocybin increased brain activity (or in scientific terms, cerebral glucose metabolism) in many areas, and had dampening effects on the ego-influenced Default Mode Network. This study catalyzed research at numerous other institutions, like The Heffter Institute, The Beckley Foundation, Johns Hopkins University, and the University of Toronto. These subsequent studies have found psilocybin to be effective in the treatment of a myriad of psychological conditions, as well as for chronic pain from conditions ranging from cluster headaches to neuralgia.

The Search Continues Into The History of Psilocybin Mushrooms

In short, the idea that psilocybin mushrooms have a long, holy history is highly controversial. Some believe that none of this evidence is definitive, and that people are seeing what they want to see in the ancient paintings, sculptures and manuscripts. But, what is certain is that there is confirmed use among several contemporary tribes of indigenous peoples in Central America, including the Mazatec, Mixtec, Nauhua, and Zapatec. If there is a lesson to be taken from the history of psilocybin mushrooms and its use throughout the history of mankind, it would be the reality that psilocybin mushrooms existed and were noticed. And importantly, psilocybin mushrooms will most likely continue to be used in the future, well after current society finds its place in the history books.

 

CategoriesPsilocybin Mushrooms

The Legality Of Psilocybin Mushrooms

The potential of decriminalization concerning the legality of psilocybin mushrooms is growing each year. Scientifically proven examples of medical benefits from their use raise the important issue of fair access to psilocybin mushrooms, as with any form of proven medicine. A prime example of legalization reducing the ability of medical users’ ability to access the drugs they need, is happening in Canada as we speak. There, approximately one in four medical cannabis patients are less easily able to find cannabis post-legalization. Although psilocybin mushrooms are still illegal, many websites exist offering magic mushrooms online. But, this accessibility along with lack of regulation does not come without risks. For example, a lack of regulation to ensure consistency and quality can result in vastly different end products. Which could bring with it a higher risk of negative experiences resulting from lack of education on proper administration in combination of not using a quality end product. The legality of psilocybin mushrooms, potentially, could help to ensure both of these factors would be less risky for those seeking to use mushrooms.

Whether Safety Is A Concern In The Legality Of Psilocybin Mushrooms

The effects of psilocybin are highly variable and depend on the mindset and environment in which the user has the experience, factors commonly referred to as set and setting. In the early 1960s, Timothy Leary and colleagues at Harvard University investigated the role of set and setting on the effects of psilocybin. Leary and his colleagues administered the drug to 175 volunteers from various backgrounds in an environment intended to be similar to a comfortable living room. Ninety-eight of the subjects were given questionnaires to assess their experiences and the contribution of background and situational factors. Psilocybin was also recently designated a “breakthrough therapy” for depression by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and in late 2019, a major study found “no serious adverse effects” in 89 healthy volunteers, and no negative effects on cognitive or emotional functioning.

Individuals who had experience with psilocybin prior to the study reported more positive experiences than those for whom the drug was novel. Group size, dosage, preparation, and expectancy were important determinants of the drug response. In general, those placed in groups of more than eight individuals felt that the groups were less supportive, and their experiences were not as pleasant. Conversely, smaller groups (fewer than six individuals) were seen as more supportive. Participants also reported having more positive reactions to the drug in those groups. Leary and colleagues proposed that psilocybin heightens suggestibility, making an individual more receptive to interpersonal interactions and environmental stimuli. These findings were affirmed in a later review by Josten Berge (1999), who concluded that dosage, set, and setting were fundamental factors in determining the outcome of experiments that tested the effects of psychedelic drugs on artists’ creativity.

The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances assigns psilocybin a relatively high therapeutic index of 641 (higher values correspond to a better safety profile); for comparison, the therapeutic indices of aspirin and nicotine are 199 and 21, respectively. Risk of fatal overdose is virtually nonexistent with psilocybin mushrooms; however, risky behaviors sometimes occur while people are under the influence. Due to the lack of quality control regulations under prohibition and the risk of consuming things growing in nature, there is potential for people attempting to pick psilocybin mushrooms in the wild to accidentally take poisonous mushrooms instead. Similarly, though also very unlikely, poisonous mushrooms are sometimes misrepresented and sold as psilocybin, and these do come with more physical risks, including fatal. Hence the importance of whether the legality of psilocybin mushrooms is integral to the health of our peoples and societies at large, around the world.

The Legality Of Psilocybin Mushrooms And Their Use

Indeed, magic mushrooms are having a therapeutic moment, especially concerning the legality of psilocybin mushrooms. Many activists believe that we should utilize the power of democratic process to influence governing bodies into expanding research on, and the fair distribution of, these profoundly metaphysical substances. In North America, at least four organizations, each with unique strategies, are working to expand access to psilocybin for anyone with mental health issues, severe or not. These groups hope to undo decades of psilocybin prohibition by removing criminal penalties for possession or cultivation, or by providing access to psilocybin in a therapist’s offices, or both. Psilocybin has been in the news with increasing frequency, as research into psychedelic therapy has grown more and more popular in the scientific community and general public. Some cities and local jurisdictions in the United States, such as the cities of Oakland, Denver, and Santa Cruz have decriminalized psilocybin to varying degrees. Much like cannabis, public perception of certain psychedelics like psilocybin is shifting rapidly. Researchers, Scientists, and the public at large are starting to understand the incredible potential for therapeutic benefits of entheogenic plants.

The Federal Stance On Psilocybin Mushroom Use And Legality

Unfortunately for those individuals who live in less open minded states concerning magic mushrooms and psilocybin, federally nothing is changing. Psilocybin mushrooms continue to remain a controlled substance under Federal law. Therefore, meaning that Federal agencies can continue to enforce laws prohibiting the possession, manufacture, distribution, etc. of psilocybin in all states. Even those who have taken actions in legalizing their use in their own state or region. Over the past few decades, despite multiple states passing laws which decriminalize and legalize cannabis, there remains no substantial change to Federal law. Similarly, it is unlikely that this initiative will result in any changes to Federal law pertaining to psilocybin in the immediate future.

Although the legality of psilocybin mushrooms on a federal level is still far from reality, it is still no less a real possibility. According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), psilocybin is a “chemical obtained from certain types of fresh or dried mushrooms.” The mushrooms containing psilocybin are also known as magic mushrooms, hallucinogenic mushrooms, or “shrooms”. In the United States, psilocybin is a Schedule I drug under an amendment to the Controlled Substances Act called the Psychotropic Substances Act. The legality of possessing, growing, consuming, or selling magic mushrooms greatly depends upon where you live. This means that it has a high potential for abuse, has no currently accepted medical use, and is not regarded safe for use. This includes even under a doctor’s supervision. Since psilocybin is a psychotropic substance found in magic mushrooms, this is usually interpreted to mean that the mushrooms themselves are illegal. However, since mushroom spores don’t contain psilocybin, some have pointed to this as an ambiguity in the legality of psilocybin mushrooms.

State Laws Concerning The Legality Of Psilocybin Mushrooms

Amid this upswell of research, the old caricatures of magic mushrooms seem to be quickly changing. The U.S. cities of Denver and Oakland both decriminalized psilocybin in 2019, for instance, and similar efforts are now underway elsewhere, including some at the state level. Usually busts related to magic mushrooms occur under state law (unless they’re in extremely large amounts) and most local jurisdictions in the United States ban possession of them. In recent years, though, cities and states have begun to reevaluate their stance on mushrooms. Contrary to popular belief, Denver would not be the first North American locale to decriminalize mushrooms. In 2005, a New Mexico Court of Appeals ruled that growing mushrooms for personal use doesn’t technically count as drug manufacture, so even sprouting psilocybin in your dorm room isn’t illegal. Louisiana also exempts the cultivation of psychoactive plants and fungi “strictly for aesthetic, landscaping, or decorative purposes”.

One such movement on a state level making waves, is the California Psilocybin Decriminalization Initiative. The Initiative would have decriminalized psilocybin and psilocin in all its forms. Including all species of psilocybin mushrooms, their respective sclerotia (truffles), and extracts and derivatives thereof. Isolated/synthetic psilocybin and psilocin would also be decriminalized under the California Psilocybin Decriminalization Initiative. Furthermore, the Initiative would decriminalize spores capable of producing psilocybin and psilocin, as California is currently one of only three States in which psilocybin mushroom spores are illegal. California residents and magic mushroom supporters are clearly a reason why the movement toward the legality of psilocybin mushrooms and therapies is gaining traction.

States Leading The Way In Pursuing The Legality Of Psilocybin Mushrooms

Magic Mushroom legalization activists are hard at work in a few states within the country we call home. Legislators in the states of Oregon, California, and Iowa have introduced bills supporting mushroom decriminalization. The state attorney general recently approved OPS’s ballot title, so they now have until July 2020 to gather about 117,000 signatures. Then, during the next presidential election, Oregon voters will decide if this program is right for them. If voters approve the Oregon Psilocybin Service Initiative in 2020, the state would develop a licensed psilocybin therapist industry and lower criminal penalties for growing or consuming mushrooms.

In many national, state, and provincial drug laws, there is a great deal of ambiguity about the legal status of magic mushrooms, or ones containing psilocybin. There is a strong element of selective enforcement in some places, since psilocybin and psilocin are deemed illegal to possess without license as substances, but mushrooms themselves are not mentioned in these laws. The legal status of Psilocybe spores is even more ambiguous, as the spores contain neither psilocybin, nor psilocin. Hence, they are not illegal to sell or possess in many jurisdictions, though many jurisdictions will prosecute under broader laws prohibiting items that are used in drug manufacture. A few jurisdictions (such as the US states of California, Georgia and Idaho) have specifically prohibited the sale and possession of psilocybin mushroom spores. Cultivation of psilocybin mushrooms is considered drug manufacture in most jurisdictions and is often severely penalized. Although some countries and one US state (Florida) has ruled that growing psilocybin mushrooms does not qualify as “manufacturing” a controlled substance. Overall, it is very important as an individual or business to understand the legalities of psilocybin in the state of which you reside.

Psilocybin Legalities Vary Around The World

Possession and selling of fresh mushrooms and spores (dried mushrooms are almost always illegal) is still legal in many places around the world. But laws from nation to nation are wildly inconsistent. For example, until 2005, it was legal to sell fresh magic mushrooms in Great Britain; spore possession is still legal. The Netherlands, once known as a hotbed for drugs illegal elsewhere, banned the sale of dried mushrooms in 2001 and fresh mushrooms in 2008. But, residents are still allowed to be in possession of small amounts of “magic truffles,” which refers to magic mushrooms that aren’t quite fully developed, thereby skirting the law. Our neighbor Mexico has banned mushrooms completely, unless they’re used for religious purposes. When it comes to the world as a whole, the legality of psilocybin mushrooms varies and has their own unique timeline in each perspective’s culture.

The United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances (adopted in 1971) requires its members to prohibit psilocybin, and parties to the treaty are required to restrict use of the drug to medical and scientific research under strictly controlled conditions. However, the mushrooms containing the drug were not specifically included in the convention, due largely to pressure from the Mexican government. One valued point made by magic mushroom activists is the importance of taking a stance on the legality of psilocybin mushrooms concerning safety for those who seek to use. Legalizing psilocybin mushrooms may help to reduce accidental deaths related to drug use, improve public health outcomes, care for vulnerable populations, and protect young people from misinformation and poor product options. These activists remind us of the importance of prioritizing education about potential risks, precautionary measures, and reducing harm instead of zero-tolerance policies and criminalization. All which have a devastating effect, and an unnecessary one at that.

The Future Of Psilocybin Mushrooms In Society

In the coming years we can expect further research and clinical trials corroborating and expanding on the findings of previous studies done on psilocybin mushrooms. The proven efficacy of psychedelics in treating psychological conditions has recently gained much needed attention. And has served to scientifically validate what shamanistic societies have known for countless generations, that there is a needed place for psilocybin mushrooms. It is even suggested by some, that future archaeological discoveries hold the potential to confirm that these substances have exerted a significant effect on our evolution. The legality of psilocybin mushrooms may determine whether these magical mushrooms are more sought after and needed than we think. We stand at a pivotal moment in the human history of psychedelic mushrooms: on the precipice of ending prohibition.